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MUSC101 Exam 2

Music Appreciation

Baroque Era -means busy -1600-1750
The Baroque Spirits -turbulent changes in politics, science, arts -Galileo,Newton -American colonies: Jamestown and Plymouth
Middle-class Music Making music making centered in home, church, and universities
"New Thing" (Style) -moved from polyphony to homophony -new style featured solo song with instrumental accompainiment
Cantata -name of genre from the Italian, cantrare- "to sing" -for solo singer(s) and instrumental accompaniment -early secular Italian
Rhythm, early: free -rhythm in the early Baroque -the speech rhythm of monody
Rhythm, later: dance-like and vigorous -rhythm in the late Baroque
Ornamentation subtle dynamics changes done by the performer to enhance the emotion
Basso Continuo -most characteristic of Baroque style -continuously prominent bass layer -hamophony -bass layer presented by two instruments: melody instrument and a chord instrument
Major and Minor Modes Dominate characteristic of the Baroque style
Countertenor/Castato unaltered men to sing alto and soprano
Countertenor/Castraoti altered men to sing alto and soprano
Doctrine of Affection (Style) total relationship of text and music
Virtuoso -associated with high skill and audience a pile -technical improvements in instrument making -composer challenges the performers -Vivaldi - violin virtuoso
Women in Baroque Music -more women were singers and instrumentalists -more often recognized
Strozzi -Italian singer and composer -educated in Venice -excelled in male-dominated fields -prolific composer of madrigals, arias, cantatas, and motets
Amor dormiglione -composer: Strozzi -genre:concert aria -texture: homophony (basso continuo) -rhythmic style is varied -form is tenerany: A-B-A -monody is a style no a texture
Baroque Opera the most important new genre of the Baroque
Genre- Opera large-scale music drama combining... poetry, acting, scenery, costumes, singing, and instrumental music
Orfeo -demigod -played the lyre and sang, very good, to make people fall in love with him -dramatic theme from classical culture -hymn-like and madrigal-like chorus -instrumental dance movements
Overture/Sinfora instrumental movement present before the curton goes up on th dramatic action / small overture
Recitative enhanced recitation, sing songy monidy like movement
Aria -finnish manifestation of the song -exert from an operas
Liberetto little book of just the words of the opera
monteverdi early famous composer of opera: Orfeo, Arianna, Coronation of Poppea -first to put song, monodies, choruses and instruments together
Eurydice person Orfea is to marry
Ensamble a group of musicians
Chorus a group of singers
Instrumental a musical piece without lyrics
Vivaldi -"The Red Priest" -Italian violinist and prolific composer -worked at Conservatorio del' Ospedele ella Pieta
Baroque Concerto -"concerto" from the Latin concertare ("to contend with") -explores relationship between different performing forces
Tutti the full orchestra
Primavera, Mvt 1 -set of four, 3-movment violoin concertos -solo violin and string orchestra -ritornello (a returning passage presented by the full orchestra)
Handel -German born, educated -studied opera in Italy -last, London/the Royal Academy of Music (group of composers) -died an English citizen -composed Music for the Royal Fireworks and Water Music (inc.,Suite in D Major)
Oratorio -"Opera-like" -performed by chorus, solo voices and orchestra -uses suites and sonatas which are not in an opera
Oratorio-Messiah -Libretto (selected passages from Hebrew and Greek Scriptures) -three segment organization: Part 1 Christmas, Part 2 Easter, Part 3 Redemption through Faith -Hallelujah from Part 2 of Spring
"Rejoice Greatly" -from Messiah, Part 1 -aria -for Soprano -Da Capo (A-B-A') -Word-painting melisma (many tones per syllable) -Ritornelli*
Bach, J.S. -Johann Sebastian -contrapuntalist -organist,composer and educator -career in northern Germany
Baroque Orchestra -strings -woodwind (made of wood) -horn and trumpets "natural" (valveless) -timpani
Keyboard Instrumnets -organ (pipes) -Harpsichord (strings plucked) -Clavichord (strings hit with a hammer)
Lutheran Choral -"Battle hymns of the Reformation" -Martin Luther (came up with Protestantism and said everyone should be able to sing in church)
The Late Baroque Contata -multi-movement genre -Sinfonia(overture) -Recitative -Aria -Chorus
Early Cantatas secular Italian
Late Cantatas -sacred German cantatas -"Chorale" cantatas fro the Lutheran
Bach's Cantatas -typically have five to eight movements -designed to teach church doctrine
Ognitation to double the length of the notes
Diminution to shorten the length of the notes
Fugue -subject (name given to the primary melodic line) -Counter subject (counter melody) -exposition (segment of a piece were the primary materials are present or exposed) -episode ( part of a piece all about modulation, not presentation of a piece)
Sonata-Allegro a form of a movement consisting of three sections, the exposition, development, and recapitulation, often followed by a coda
Classical Era -related to Greek/Roman antiquity -A supreme accomplishment of lasting appeal -Concern for order, objectivity, and proportion
Musical Style (classical era) -frequent use of folk-like elements -sing-able, lyrical melodies ("tunes") -regular meter and "delightful" rhythms -homophonic texture -harmony drivers form
-(Wolfgang) Amadeus Mozart -classical composer...pianist, violinist -Austrian born -Associated always with Vienna -
Mozart's music -Ludwig Kocel ("K" number) -chamber music -piano music -symphonies... -concertos
Franz Joseph Haydn -Austrian composer -choirboy at St.Cathedral in Vienna -ten year 'free-lance" -long time employee of the Esterhasy family -two successful trips to England late in life
Classical Concerto -three movement
Classical Symphony -developed to large extent by Haydn -for the classical Orchestra -special effects early: rocket-a rhythmically, acceding melodic line -four movements
Chamber Music -string quartet
Piano Concerto in G Major -K.453 -written for Barbara von Ployer
K.453 Mvt 1 -form: -exposition(s) -development -recapitulate with cadenza -coda
II. Second Mvt -tempo: slow -Mood: "lyrical" -Harmony -Ternary form
String Quartet, Op.76, No.3 -op.(abbreviation for opus) -composer: Hayden -AKA: "The Emperor Quartet" -tempo: "rather slowly, in a singing style" -form: theme and variation
Created by: NickUD
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