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Week 3 114 phm term

114 week 3 termonology

TermDefinition
absorption processes describing the movement of nutrients, fluids and medications from the GI tract into the bloodstream
amino acids molecules that make up proteins
antacid drug that neutralizes hydrochloric acid secreted by the stomach
antidiarrheal medication that prevents or relieves diarrhea
carbohydrates chemical compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
chyme soupy consistency of food after mixing with stomach acids and digestive enzymes
colonoscopy examination of the colon for signs of inflammation and damage
constipation abnormally delayed or infrequent passage of dry hardened feces
Crohns disease irritable bowel disease that produces inflammation and damage anywhere along the GI tract
diarrhea abnormally frequent passafe of loose and watery stool
digestion the mechanical, chemical and enzymatic action of breaking food into molecules that can be used in metabolism
duodenal ulcer located in the upper portion of the small intestine
endoscopy test used to look for ulcers inside of the stomach and small intestine
excretion elimination of waste products and other remnants of metabolism
fistula ulcer that tunnels from the site of origin to surrounding tissues
gastroenteritis infection in the GI tract that can cause post-infection inflammatory bowel syndrome
gastric ulcer located in the stomach
GURD motility disorder associated with impaired peristalsis that results in the backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus
hiatal hernia condition in which the lower esophageal sphincter shifts above the diaphragm
ingestion act of taking in food, liquid or other substances
IBD chronic disorder of the GI tact characterized by inflammation of the intestine and resulting in abdominal cramping and persistent diarrhea
IBS condition that causes abdominal distress and erratic movement of the contents of the large bowel
laryngopharyngeal reflux reflux of gastric contents into the larynx and pharynx
laxative medication that induces evacuation of the bowel
lower esophageal sphincter sphincter seperating the esophagus and the stomach
peptic ulcer disease term used to describe ulcers that are located in either the duodenum or stomach
peristalsis forceful wave of contractions in the esophagus that moves food and liquids from the mouth to the stomach
reflux backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus or laryngopharyngeal region
toxic megacolon life threatening condition characterized by a very inflated colon and abdominal distention
ulcer open sore in the mucous membranes or mucosal linings of the body
ulcerative colitis IBD that produces inflammation, ulcers and damage to the colon
upper esophageal sphincter sphincter seperating the pharynx and esophagus
antisecretory substance that inhibits secretion of digestiive enzymes, hormones or acid
cathartic pharmacological substance that stimulates defecation
emollient substance that is soothing to mucous membranes or skin
Created by: dmhehr