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#je$$stack114 term3

#1jess pharm 114 term week 3

TermDefinition
absorption processes describing the movement of nutrients, fluids, and medications from the gastrointestinal tract into the bloodstream
amino acids molecules that make up proteins
antacid drug that neutralizes hydrochloric acid secreted by the stomach
antidiarrheal medicine that prevents or relieves diarrhea
carbohydrates chemical compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
chyme soupy consistency of food after mixing with stomach acids and digestive enzymes
colonoscopy examination of the colon for signs of inflammation and damage
constipation abnormally delayed or infrequent passage of dry hardened feces
Crohns disease irritable bowel disease that produces inflammation & damage anywhere along the GI tract
diarrhea abnormally frequent passage of loose & watery stools
digestion the mechanical, chemical, and enzymatic action of breaking down food into molecules that can be used in metabolism
duodenal ulcer located in the upper portion of the small intestine
endoscopy test used to look for ulcers inside the stomach & small intestine
excretion elimination of waste products & other remnants of metabolism
fistula ulcer that tunnels from the site of origin to surrounding tissues
gastroenteritis infection in the gastrointestinal tract that can cause post-infection inflammatory bowel syndrome
gastric ulcer located in the stomach
gastroesophageal reflux disease motility disorder associated with impaired peristalsis that results in the backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus
hiatal hernia condition in which the lower esophageal sphincter shifts above the diaphragm
ingestion act of taking in food, liquid, or other substances
irritable bowel disease chronic disorder of the gastrointestinal tract characterized by inflammation of the intestines & resulting in abdominal cramping & persistent diarrhea
inflammatory bowel syndrome condition that causes abdominal distress & erratic movement of the contents of the large bowel
laryngopharyngeal reflux reflux of gastric contents into the larynx & pharynx
laxative medication that induces evacuation of the bowel
lower esophageal sphincter sphincter separating the esophagus & the stomach
peptic ulcer disease term used to describe ulcers that are located in either the duodenum or stomach
peristalsis forceful wave of contractions in the esophagus that moves food & liquids from the mouth to the stomach
reflux backflow of gastric contents into the esophagus or laryngopharyngeal region
toxic megacolon life-threatening condition characterized by a very inflated colon & abdominal distention
ulcer open sore in the mucous membranes or mucosal linings of the body
ulcerative colitis irritable bowel disease that produces inflammation, ulcers & damage to the colon
upper esophageal sphincter sphincter separating the pharynx & esophagus
antisecretory substance that inhibits secretion of digestive enzymes, hormones or acid
cathartic pharmacological substance that stimulates defecation
emollient substance that is soothing to mucous membranes or skin
Created by: je$$tech
 

 



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