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ID Antibiotics

ID exam antibiotics

DrugClass, Route, Adjustments
Penicillin G Natural Penicillins, IV, Renal Adjustment
Penicillin V K Natural Penicillins, PO, Renal Adjustment
Benzathine penicillin G Natural Penicillins, IM, Renal Adjustment
Ampicillin Aminopenicillins, IV or PO, Renal Adjustment
Amoxicillin Aminopenicillins, PO, Renal Adjustment
Oxacillin Penicillinase Resistant Penicillins, IV, Hepatic Adjustment
Nafcillin Penicillinase Resistant Penicillins, IV, Hepatic Adjustment
Cloxacillin Penicillinase Resistant Penicillins, Hepatic Adjustment
Dicloxacillin Penicillinase Resistant Penicillins, PO, Hepatic Adjustment
Indanyl Carbenicillin Carboxy-penicillins, PO, renal adjustment
Ticarcillin Carboxy-penicillins, IV, renal adjustment
Azlocillin Ureido-penicillins, renal adjustment
Mezocillin Ureido-penicillins, renal adjustment
Piperacillin Ureido-penicillins, IV, renal adjustment
Ampicillin/Sulbactam (Unasyn) B-Lactam/B-lactamase inhibitor combination, IV, renal adjustment
Amoxicillin/Clavulanic Acid (Augmentin) B-Lactam/B-lactamase inhibitor combination, PO, renal adjustment
Ticarcillin/Clavulanic Acid (Tymentin) B-Lactam/B-lactamase inhibitor combination, IV, renal adjustment
Piperacillin/Tazobactam (Zosyn) B-Lactam/B-lactamase inhibitor combination, IV, renal adjustment
Cefazolin 1st generation cephalosporin, IV, renal adjustment
Cephalexin 1st generation cephalosporin, PO, renal adjustment
Cefadroxil 1st generation cephalosporin, PO, renal adjustment
Cefuroxime 2nd generation, group 1 cephalosporin, PO or IV, renal adjustment
Cefaclor 2nd generation, group 1 cephalosporin, PO, renal adjustment
Cefoxitin 2nd generation, group 2 cephalosporin, IV, renal adjustment
Cefotetan 2nd generation, group 2 cephalosporin, IV, renal adjustment
Cefmetazole 2nd generation, group 2 cephalosporin, IV, renal adjustment
Ceftriaxone 3rd generation cephalosporin, IV - no adjust??
Cefixime 3rd generation cephalosporin, IV -no adjust??
Cefpodoxime proxetil 3rd generation cephalosporin, PO - no adjust??
Cefotaxime 3rd generation cephalosporin, IV - no adjust??
Cefoperazone 3rd generation anti-pseudomonal cephalosporin, IV, renal adjust
Ceftazidime 3rd generation anti-pseudomonal cephalosporin, IV, renal adjust
Cefepime 4th generation cephalosporin, IV, renal adjust
Ceftaroline 5th generation cephalosporin, IV, renal adjust
Imipenem/Cilastatin Carbapenem, IV, renal adjust
Meropenem Carbapenem, IV, renal adjust
Ertapenem Carbapenem, IV, renal adjust
Doripenem Carbapenem, IV, renal adjust
Aztreonam Monobactam, IV, renal adjust
Gentamicin Aminoglycoside, IM or IV, renal adjust <60 ml/min
Tobramycin Aminoglycoside, IM or IV, renal adjust <60 ml/min
Amikacin Aminoglycoside, IM or IV, renal adjust <60 ml/min
Tetracycline Tetracycline, PO, Renal adjust
Doxycycline Tetracycline, PO or IV, Hepatically excreted, NOT RENAL ADJUSTMENT
Erythromycin Macrolide, PO or IV, Hepatic adjustment
Clarithromycin Macrolide, PO, Hepatic adjustment
Azithromycin Macrolide, PO or IV, Hepatic adjustment
Clindamycin Lincosamides, PO or IV, hepatic adjustment
Ciprofloxacin Fluoroquinolones, PO or IV, renal adjust
Levofloxacin Fluoroquinolones, PO or IV, renal adjust
Gatifloxacin Fluoroquinolones, PO or IV, renal adjust
Moxifloxacin (Avelox) Fluoroquinolones, PO or IV, renal adjust
Gemifloxacin Fluoroquinolones, PO, renal adjust
Vancomycin Glycopeptide, PO or IV, renal adjust CrCl<60 ml/min
Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole own class, IV or PO, renal adjust
Metronidazole Nitroimidazoles, PO or IV, no adjust??
Linezolid Oxazolidinones, PO or IV, no adjust??
Quinupristin/Dalfopristin Streptogramin, IV, no adjust??
Daptomycin (Cubicin) Lipopeptide, IV, renal adjust CrCl<30ml/min
Tigecycline (Tygacil) Glyclcycline (derivative of minocycline), IV, no dose adjust!
Telavancin Lipoglycopeptide, IV, renal dose adjust
Fidaxomicin Inhibits RNA polymerases, not really a macrolide, PO, no adjust??
Created by: HugsAndKisses
 

 



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