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PHM 114 final notes

Week 2

Hyperuricemia is associated with _________,________,_________,________,________ cardiovascular disease,chronic kidney disease, hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance and obesity.
Pain is the most common symptom associated with ___________ increased sreum urate levels.
Hyperuricemia can cause kidney disease and ___________ make preexcisting kidney disease worse.
The principal antiinflammatory and analgesic used for the treatment of acute gout are _______,________,________ NSAIDS, corticosteroids and colchicine.
The most commonly prescribed NSAID for the treatment of gout is __________ indomethacin
Probenicid is a uricosuric used in the treatment of ____________. Gout
The final step in the synthesis of uric acid is __________. Xanthine oxidase inhibitor/allopurinol
Inflammation of the prostate gland is known as __________. prostatitis
The risk for developing BPH increases with _______. Age.
_____________ may be performed to determine if levels of the PSA protein are elevated. prostate specific antigen test (PSA) test
Two classes of drugs adminstrered to manage the symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia are _______, _________. a-blockers and 5a-reductase inhibitors.
a1-Adrenergic antagonists relax________ and _________ which reduces urethral resistance and improves the flow of urine. prostate and bladder smooth muscles.
Some a-Blockers are also prescribed for the treatment of _________. hypertension.
Adverse drug effects linked to the administration of a-adrenergiv antagonists are (there's 7 in the book) postural hypotension, dizziness, reflex tachycardia, headache, stuffy nose, weakness and fatigue.
When symptoms of BPH are severe ______ is indicated surgery
ED may have ________,_________,_________,_______ causes physiological, neurological, psychological or endorinology.
Physiological causes include ________,______. age-related changes and chronic disease (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, multiple sclerosis)
Lifestyle factors, smoking, obesity, and alcoholism are additional causes of _______ ED
A naturally occurring prostaglandin E1 is ________. Alprostadil
When the body is in balance, it is known as __________. homeostatis
Preservation of normal blood pressure include production of certain hormones, including the active of form of (there are 3 in the book) vitamin D, renin and erythropoietin
The kidneys are located inside the __________ upper abdominal cavity.
Four major functions of excretion in the body are? Absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion.
The bladder has walls that can expand to hold approximately ______mL 1000
A person can survive with how many kidneys? 1
What percent of A kidney must be present for a person to survive? 20%
A person must monitor _______, _________, and _____ to maintain kidney health diet, medication and activities.
________,__________,_______ and ______ can lead to either acute or chronic renal failure. accidents, toxic agents, genetic diseases, certain illnesses.
Possible causes of kidneys stones include (6 in your book) genetic, gout, UTI, hyperparathyroidism, oxalate stones, idiopathic, hypercalciuria
_________ million people consult their for physician for a UTI each year. Majority of patients being _______. 8 million. Woman
The most common UTI is caused by the bacterium ___________. E. coli
Created by: dmhehr



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