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Pathology chpt6

This is a rare anomaly in which a kidney fails to develop Unilateral renal agenesis
This is a rare anomaly in which there is a third rudimentary kidney Supernumerary kidney
What miniature replica of a kidney is called Hypoplastic kidney
This is an acquired condition that occurs when one kidney is required to do the job of two Compensatory hypertrophy
This is not located in the normal location Ectopic kidney
This is the most common type of fusion anomaly Horseshoe kidney
How are horseshoe kidneys connected The kidneys are fused at their lower poles
This is a cystic dilation of the distal ureter near its insertion into the urinary bladder Ureterocele
What are the common conditions found in children Ureterocele along with ureteral duplication
This is a nonsuppurative inflammatory process involving the tufts of the capillaries within the bowmans capsule Glomerulonephritis
What does glomerulonephritis cause Oliguria
A smaller than normal amount of urine is called Oliguria
This is a suppurative inflammatory process of the kidney and renal pelvis Pyelonephritis
This is a type of severe infection that occurs almost exclusively in diabetic patients Emphysematous pyelonephritis
This is the most common hospital acquired infection of the urinary system Cystitis
This completely fills the renal pelvis Staghorn calculus
This is calcium deposits within the renal parenchyma Nephrocalcinosis
This occurs when there is a blockage above the level of the bladder Hydronephrosis
This is the most common univocal mass of the kidneys Renal cysts
This is an inherited disease involving multiple multiple cysts on the kidneys Polycystic disease
What causes enlarged kidneys Polycystic disease
This is the most common renal neoplasm Hypernephroma
This is the most common abdominal neoplasm of infancy and childhood Wilms tumor
This originates in the adrenal medullary Neuroblastoma
This originates in the epithelium of the bladder Urothelial carcinoma
In children this almost always occurs rapidly after an episode of severe dehydration and causes enlarged kidneys Renal vein thrombosis
Created by: atesta0824