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#je$$stack114 term2

#1jess pharm 114 term week 2

absorption the intake of liquids, solutes & gases
acidification conversion to an acidic environment
acidosis increase in the blood's acidity resulting from accumulation of acid or loss of bicarbonate
alkalosis increase in the blood's alkalinity resulting from the accumulation of alkali or reduction of acid content
alpha blockers medications used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia to relax muscles in the prostate & increase urine flow
alpha reductase inhibitor medication that shrinks the prostate gland
benign prostatic hyperplasia noncancerous growth of cells in the prostate gland
blood urea nitrogen test that measures the nitrogen in the blood in the form urea
dialysis passage of a solute through a semipermeable membrane to remove toxic materials when the kidneys are malfunctioning
digital rectal exam screening exam involving palpation of the prostate gland
distribution the mechanism by which elements are sent throughout the body
diuretic agent that increases urine output & excretion of water from the body
ejaculation release of semen from the penis during orgasm
electrolyte charged elements called cations
erectile dysfunction persistent inability to achieve and/or maintain an erection
excretion elimination of waste products through stools & urine
frequency need to urinate more often than is normal
gout disease associated with deposits of urate crystals in the joints that cause inflammation & is caused by byperuricemia
hyperplasia abnormal increase in the number of cells in an organ or tissue
hyperuricemia condition in which urate levels build up in the blood serum
incontinence loss of bladder or bowel control
kidney stones solid mineral deposits that form in the urinary tract
metabolism the mechanism by which chemical transformation takes place
micturition urination
nephron the filtering of the kidneys
nosocomial infection infection that originates in the hospital or institutional setting
osmosis diffusion of water from low solute concentrations to higher solute concentrations across a semipermeable membrane
prostate gland in the male reproductive system just below the bladder & surrounding the urethra
prostate specific antigen protein produced by the prostate gland
prostate specific antigen test blood test to measure prostate specific antigen
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate gland
renal artery one of a pair of arteries that branch from the abdominal area
renal failure inability of the kidneys to function properly
renal fascia membranous tissue that surrounds & supports the kidneys
renal vein the vein in which filtered blood from the kidneys is sent back into the body's circulatory system
semen fluid containing sperm & secretions from the glands of the male reproductive tract
tubular reabsorption conservation of protein, glucose, bicarbonate, and water from the glomerular filtrate by the tubules
tumor abnormal mass of tissue that results from excessive cell division
urates product of purine metabolism that produces inflammation when crystals accumulate in joints
urea main nitrogenous constituent of urine & final product of protein metabolism
ureter tube that carries urine from the kidneys to the bladder
urgency feeling of needing to urinate immediately
urinanalysis microscopic & chemical examination of a fresh urine sample
uricosuric drug that increases the renal clearance of urates
tubular secretion function of the nephron where ions, toxins, and water are secreted into the collecting duct to be excreted
urethra tube that carries urine from the bladder to the urethral sphincter for elimination from the body
Created by: je$$tech



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