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activators also called boosters, protinators, or accelerators; powdered persulfate salts added to haircolor to incarease its lightening ability
aniline derivatives Contain small, uncolored dyes that combine with hydrogen peroxide to form larger, permanent dye molecules within the cortex.
baliage Also known as the free-form technique that involves the painting of a lightener directly onto clean styled hair
base color Predominant tone of a color.
cap technique Lightening technique that involves pulling clean strands of hair through a perforated cap with a thin plastic or metal hook
color fillers Equalize porosity and deposit color in one application to provide a uniform contributing pigment on prelightened hair.
complementary colors colors located directly opposite one another on the color wheel
conditioner fillers Used to recondition damaged, overly porous hair, and equalize porosity so that the hair accept the color evenly from strand to strand and scalp to ends.
contributing pigment pigment that lies under the natural hair color that is exposed when the natural color is lightened must be taken into consideration when haircolor is selected also called undertone
demipermanent haircolor Formulated to deposit, but not life (lighten) natural hair color. Demipermanent colors are able to deposit without lifting because they are less alkaline than permanent colors and are mixed with a low-volume developer.
developers also known as oxidizing agents or catalysts; when mixed with an oxidation haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop color molecules and create a change in hair color.
double-process application coloring technique requiring two seperate procedures in which the hair is prelightened before depositing color is applied; also called two step coloring
fillers Used to equalize porosity
foil technique Highlighting technique that involves coloring selected strands of hair by slicing or weaving out sections, placing them on foil or plastic wrap, applying lightner or permanent haircolor, and sealing them in the foil or plastic wrap
glaze a nonammonia color that adds shine and tone to the hair
hair color The natural color of hair
hair lightening Chemical process involving the diffusion of the natural color pigment or artificial color from the hair; often called "bleaching" or "decolorizing"
haircolor glaze Common way to describe a haircolor service that adds shine and color to the hair.
haircolor Professional, salon industry term referring to artificial hairlcolor products and services.
highlighting shampoo Colors prepared by combining permanent haircolor, hydrogen peroxide, and shampoo.
highlighting Coloring some of the hair stands lighter that the natural color to add the illusion of sheen and depth; highlights do not generally contrast strongly with the natural color.
hydrogen peroxide developer oxidizing agent that, when mixed with an oxidation haircolor, supplies the necessary oxygen gas to develop the color molecules and create a change in natural hair color
intensity the strength of a color
law of color System for understanding color relationships.
level system System that colorists use to determine the lightness or darkness of a hair color.
level the unit of measurement used to identify the lightness or darkness of a color
lighteners chemical compounds that lighten hair by dispersing, dissolving and decolorizing the natural hair pigment
line of demarcation visible line seprating colored hair from new growth
metallic haircolors haircolors containing metal salts that change hair color gradually by progressive builup and exposure to air, creating a dull, metallic appearance
mixed melanin combination of natural hair color that contains both pheomelanin and eumelanin.
natural haircolors Colors, such as henna, obtained from the leaves or bark of plants.
new growth the part of the hair shaft between the scalp and the hair that has previously received treatment; also called regrowth
off-the-scalp lighteners powdered lighteners that cannot be used directly on the scalp.
on-the-scalp lighteners Lighteners that can be used directly on the scalp by mixing the lightener with activators.
patch test aka: predispostion test; test required by the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act for identifying a possible allergy in a client.
permanent haircolors Lighten and deposit color at the same time and in one application, Thay are more alkaline than no lift deposit only haircolors and mixed with a higher volume developer.
prelightening First step of double-process haircoloring, used to lift or lighten the natural pigment vefore the applicaton of toner
presoftening process of treating gray or very resistant hair to allow for better penetration of color
primary colors pure or fundamental colors (red, yellow, and blue) that cannot be created by combining other colors.
resistant Hair type that is difficult for moisture or chemicals to penetrate and thus requires a longer processing time
reverse highlighting aka: lowlighting; technique of coloring strands of hair darker than the natural color.
secondary color any color produced by combining equal amounts of any two primary colors
semipermanent haircolor No-lift, deposit-only, nonoxidation haircolor that is not mixed witg peroxide and is formulated to last through several shampoos.
single-process haircoloring process that lightens and deposits color in the hair in a single application
slicing Color technique that involves taking a narrow, 1/8-inch (0.3-centimeter) section of hair by making a straight part at the scalp, postioning the hair over the foil, and applying lightner or colr.
soap cap Combination of equal parts of a prepared permanent color mixture and shampoo used the last five minutes and worked through the hair to refresh the ends.
special effects haircoloring Any technique that involves partial lightening or coloring.
strand test Determines how the hair will react to the color formula and how long the formula should be left on the hair.
temporary haircolor nonpermanent color whose large pigment molecules prevent penetration of the cuticle layer allowing only a coating action that may be removed by shampooing
tertiary color Intermediate color schieved by mixing a secondary color and its neighboring promary color on the color wheel in equal amounts.
tone also know as hue; the balance of color
toners semipermanent, demipermanent, and permanent haircolor products that are used primarily on prelightened hair to achieve pale and delicate colors.
virgin application first time the hair is colored
volume measures the concentration and strength of hydrogen peroxide
weaving Coloring technique in which selected strands are picked up from a narrow section of hair with a zigzag motion of the comb, and lightener or color is applied only to these strands
Created by: samkohlenberg
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