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Facials

Cosmetology

TermDefinition
alipidic literaly means "lack of lipids" describes Skin that does not produce enough sebum, indicated by absence of visble pores
ampoules individual doses of serum, sealed in small vials
aromatherapy the therapeutic use of plant aromas and essential oils for beauty and health treatment purposes
brushing machine A rotating electric appliance with interchangeable brushes that can be attached to the rotating head.
chemical exfoliants Chemical agent that dissolves dead skin cells.
chucking Massage movement accomplished by grasping the flesh firmly in one hand and moving the hand up and down along the bone while the other hand keeps the arm or leg in a steady position.
clay-based masks oil-absorbing cleansing masks that have an exfoliating effect and astringent effect on oily and combination skin, making pores large temporarily appear smaller
cleansing milks non-foaming lotion cleansers designed to cleanse dry and sensitive skin types and to remove makeup.
contraindication Procedure or condition that requires avoiding certain treatment to prevent undesirable side effects
couperose distended capillaries caused by weakening of the capillary walls
cream masks masks often containing oils and emollients as well as humectants; have a strong moisturizing effect
effleurage Light, continuous-stroking massage movement applied with fingers and palms in a slow and rhythmic manner.
electrotherapy The use of electrical currents to treat the skin.
emollients Oil or fatty ingredients that prevent moisture from leaving the skin.
enzyme peels also known as keratolytic enzymes or protein-dissolving agents;a type of chemical efolliants that involve vthe use of enzymes that help speed up the breakdown keratin,protein in skin
exfoliants Products that help bring about exfoliation.
exfoliation Removal of excess dead cells from the skin surface.
foaming cleansers Wash-off product that contains a surfacant.
friction Deep rubbing movement requiring pressure on the skin with the fingers or palm while moving them over an underlying structure
fulling Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out; used mainly for massaging the arms.
gommages Enzyme peels in which a cream is applied to the skin beofre steaming and forms a hardened crust that is then massaged or "rolled" off the skin; also called "vegetal peeling'.
hacking Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage.
humectants ingredients that attract water
masks concentrated treatment products often composed of minerals clays, moisturizing agents, skin softeners, aromatherapy oils, botanical extracts and other beneficial ingredients to cleanse, exfoliate, tighten, tone, hydrate, and nourish the skin
massage creams Lubricants designed to give the practitioner a good slip (slippery quality) during a massage.
massage manual or mechanical manipulation of the body by rubbing, gently pinching, kneading, tapping, and other movements to increase metabolism and circulation, promote absorption and relieve pain
mechanical exfoliants Methods of physical contact used to scrape or bump cells off the skin.
microdermabrasion scrubs scrubs that contain aluminum oxide crystals, along with other granular scrubs, are examples of mechanical exfoliants
microdermabrasion Mechanical exfoliation that involves "shooting" aluminum oxide or other crystals at the skin with a hand-held device the exfoliates dead cells.
modelage masks Facial masks containig special crystals of gypsum, a plaster-like ingredient.
moisturizers products that help increase the moisture content of the skin surface
motor point Point in the skin over the muscle where pressure ir stimulation will cause contraction of that muscle.
open comedone Also known as blackheads. When the follicle is filled with excess oil a blackhead is formed. It is dark because it is exposed to oxygen and oxidation occurs.
ostium Follicle opening.
paraffin wax masks Specially prepared facial masks containing paraffin and other beneficial ingredients; typically used with treatment cream.
petrissage Kneading movement performed by lifting, squeezing, and pressing the tissue with a light, firm pressure.
rolling massage movement in which the tissues are pressed and twisted using a fast back and forth movement
serums concentrated liquid ingredients for the skin designed to penetrate and treat various skin conditions
steamer a facial machine that heats and produces a stream of warm steam that can be focused on the client's face or other areas of skin
tapotment or percussion , is a light tapping or slapping movement applied with the fingertips or partly flexed fingers. the purpose is to increase blood circulation, stimulate the nerves and promote muscle contraction.
toners also known as fresheners or astringents, are designed to lower the pH of the skin after cleansing, an to help remove excess cleaning milk.
treatment cream Cream designed to hydrate and condition the skin during the night; heavier in consistency and texture than a moisturizer.
vibration In massage, the rapid shaking of the body part while the balls of the fingertips are pressed firmly on the point of application.
wringing Vigorous movement in which the hands, placed a little distance apart on both sides of the client's arm or leg and working downward, apply a twisting motion against the bones in the opposite direction.
Created by: samkohlenberg
 

 



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