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Rad Pathology Ch 5

Gastrointestinal & Hepatobiliary

QuestionAnswer
This is a congenital condition in which the esophagus ends in a blind pouch: Esophageal Atresia
This is failure of a satisfactory esophageal lumen to develop separate from the trachea: Tracheoesophageal Fistula
What is a serious complication of TE Fistulas (Tracheoesophageal): Aspiration Pneumonia
What is the most common cause of acute esophagitis? Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
What happens during GERD? The acid and stomach contents back up into the esophagus.
This could increase the likelihood of reflux esophagitis: Hiatal Hernia
When a part of the stomach sticks up into the chest through an opening in the diaphragm: Hiatal Hernia
_________ ____________ is associated with severe reflux esophagitis. Barrett's Esophagus
What organisms are most often responsible for infectious esophagitis? Candida Fungus and Herpes Virus
What is traction diverticula? An outpouching of all of the walls of the esophagus.
This is an outpouching that will arise in the posterior wall of the cervical esophagus: Zenker's Diverticula
These are dilated veins in the walls of the esophagus: Esophageal Varices
What is the most common cause of acute gastrointestinal bleeding? Peptic Ulcer Disease
____________ ________ is the most common manifestation of peptic ulcer disease. Duodenal Ulcer
This pathology is most commonly found in the lesser curvature of the stomach: Gastric Ulcers
This is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause that affects what part of the small intestines? Crohn's Disease; Terminal Ileum
What is the most common cause of a mechanical small bowel obstruction? Fibrous Adhesions
____________ _____________ is a common disorder of the intestinal motor activity in which fluid and gas do not progress normally through an unobstructed bowel. Adynamic Ileus
The telescoping of one part of the intestinal tract into another is called: Intussusception
What is a major cause of bowel obstruction in children? Intussusception
Appendicitis is more common in what demographic? Children and Adolescents
This is a condition of acquired herniations of which layers through the muscular layers at points of weakness in the bowel wall. Diverticulosis; Submucosa and Mucosa layers
This produces shortening and rigidity of the colon and absent haustral patterns radiographically. Chronic Ulcerative Colitis
The folds in the colon are referred to as ___________ patterns or markings. Haustral
A colon that is absent of Haustral markings is sometimes referred to as ______ ______ colon. Lead Pipe
What is the most typical form of primary colon cancer? Annular Carcinoma
What is one of the most common cause of large bowel obstruction? Primary Colon Cancer (Annular Carcinoma)
Where in the colon will primary cancers of the colon arise? Preexisting Polyps
This is a twisting of the bowel on itself which usually leads to obstruction: Volvulus
The medical term for gallstones: Cholelithiasis
What is the most prevalent form of gallstones in the US? Cholesterol Stones
What is the primary cause of acute cholecystitis? Impacted Gallstones
Chronic cholecystisis which causes the gallbladder to become fibrotic and calcified: Porcelain Gallbladder
Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to what? Acute Pancreatitis
Acute Pancreatitis is most commonly cause by what? Excessive alcohol consumption
A sign of a perforation in the GI tract: Pneumoperitoneum
Air in the peritoneal cavity: Pneumoperitoneum
Created by: foster1317