Save
Busy. Please wait.
Log in using Clever
or

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 
Sign up using Clever
or

Username is available taken
show password

why


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
Your email address is only used to allow you to reset your password. See our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.


Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
focusNode
Didn't know it?
click below
 
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Know
0:00
share
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

PhilosophyExam01

Ch 1-3

QuestionAnswer
1 Ethics (prescriptive rules for action)
1 Metaethics (study of the nature and concepts of ethics)
1 Red Herring irrelevant point that serves as a distraction
1 Ad Hominem attacking the person/source of the argument
1 Straw man Fallacy attacking a misrepresented/distorted version of an (opposing view (contrast to Principle of Charity)
1 Principle of Charity be generous in interpreting the views (i.e., make them as strong as possible) of others
1 Consistency are ethical beliefs consistent with other ethical and non-ethical views?
1 studying metaethics vs. moral self-help is more learning about natural ethics while moral self help is like teaching you how to improve your ethics.
1 Natural Morality Ethical truths and principles that are part of nature, conditional rules with exceptions. coming from a natural process.
1 Trancendent Morality ethical truths/ Principles are outside of natural world, unconditional rules without exceptions Ex... the 10 Comandments
1 Theological Voluntarism/ Divine Command Theory Whatever God commands and only what God commands is right and or good. (this a popular version of transcendent morality)
1 Theological Voluntarism Cons.. -in principle, any action even unprovoked murder could be right if god deems it so. -Leaves little room for critecal reflection reguarding metaethics -fear of punishment not sufficient motive for truly ethical action.
2 Psychological Egoism it is a fact of human psychology that we always act in a self-interested manner, even when the action is apparently other-directed (e.g., giving to charity)
2 Ethical Egoism Although we may act unselfishly, we ought to always act in a self-interested manner
2 Psychological Egoism Pros... 1. accords with the observed prevelance of selfish behavior
2 Psychological Egoism Cons... 1. Non-falsifiable 2. Stretches the meaning of "selfishness" beyond common usage
2 Individual Ethical Egoism Everyone ought to act exclusively for my benefit and my benefit alone
2 Universal Ethical Egoism Everyone ought to act exclusively for thier own benefit.
2 Individual Egoism Pros... 1. internally consistent position
2 Individual Egoism Cons... 1. undesirable social consequences ex social ostracism 2.characteristic of psycopathology
2 Universal Egoism Pros... 1. Social Darwinism (survival of the fitest) 2. Supposed benefits of laissez-faire (unregulated) capitalism
2 Universal Egoism Cons... 1. Distorts Darwinian Evolution 2. Lack of empirical support for supposed benefits of unregulated capitalism
2 Social Relativism Empirical, scientific claim that the moral claim that moral codes vary from culture to culture
2 Cultural Relativism Normative ethical position stipulating that there is no objective moral truth or standard of justificatin ; rather, moral rightness or wrongness is determined by local culture.
2 Cultural Relativism Pros... 1. Promotes multicultural tolerance and sensitivity and prevents imperialism 2. Explains rampant ethical disagreement
2 Cultural Relativism Cons... 1. Underestimates fluidity of cultural identities 2. eliminates any justification for ethical reform 3. trivializes ethical concerns
3 Sentimentalism the view that emotions/feelings play a vital and necessary role in human morality
3 Kant (“cold” duty)
3 Hume (“hot” sympathies)
3 non-instrumental vs. instrumental reasoning vs. instrumental reasoning (Hume: “Reason is and ought only to be the slave of the passions)
Created by: Luxislis
 

 



Voices

Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
Retries:
restart all cards