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Pathology Chpt5

This is a congential condition in which the esophagus ends in a blind pouch esophageal atresia
What is the failure of a satisfying lumen to delevope seperate from the trachea called tracheoesophageal fistula
What is a serious complication of the TE fistulas called Aspiration Pneumonia
What is the most common cause of an acute esophagitis called Gastroesophageal reflux disease
This increases the likelihood of reflux esophagitis Hiatal Hernias
This is associated with severe reflux esophagitis Barrett's esophagitis
The organisms most often responsible for infectious esophagitis are Candida fungus and herpsevirus
What contains all layers of the walls of the esophagus Traction diverticula
This arises from the posterior wall of the cervical esophagus Zenker's diverticula
These are dilated veins in the walls of the esophagus Esophageal varices
This is the most common cause of acute gastrointestinal bleeding Peptic ulcer disease
This is the most common manifestation of peptic ulcer disease Duodenal ulcer
These are commonly found in the lesser curvature of the stomach gastric ulcers
This is a chronic inflammatory disorder of unknown cause that often affects the terminal ileum Crohn's Disease
This is the most common cause of mechanical small bowel obstruction Fibrous adhesions
This is the most common disorder of intestinal motor activitiy in which fluid and gas do not progress normally through an unobstructed bowel Adynamic ileus
This is the telescoping of one part of the intestinal tract into another Intussusception
This is a major cause of bowel obstructions in children Intussusception
This is more common in children and adolescents appendicitis
This is a condtion of aquired herniations of mucosa and submucosa through muscular layers at points of weakness of the bowel wall Diverticulosis
This produces shortening and rigidity of the colon and absent haustral patterns radiographically `Chronic ulcerative colitis
This is the most typical form of primary colon cancer annular carcinoma
What type of cancer is tthe most common cause of a large bowel obstruction Primary colon cancer
Most primary cancers of the colon arise in preexisting polyps
This is twisting of the bowel on itself and leads to obstruction Volvulus
This types of stones are the most prevalent in The United States Cholestrol stones
What is the primary cause of acute cholecystitis Impacted gallstones in the cystic ducts
This results from chronic cholecystitis which cause the GB to become fibrotic and calcified Porcelion gallbladder
this is cause by excessive alcohol comsumption acute pancreatitis
This is a sign of perforation of the GI tract Pneumoperitoneum
Created by: atesta0824