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PSYCHOLOGY EXAM #4

TEST 4 -- Personality Psychodynamic Perspective

QuestionAnswer
Repression banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness. defense mechanism
Regression leads an individual faced with anxiety to retreat to a more infantile psychosexual stage. defense mechanism
Reaction Formation causes the ego to unconsciously switch unacceptable impulses into their opposites. defense mechanism
Projection leads people to disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing them to others. defense mechanism
Rationalization offers self-justifying explanations in place of the real, more threatening, unconscious reasons for one’s actions. defense mechanism
Displacement shifts sexual or aggressive impulses toward a more acceptable or less threatening object or person, redirecting anger toward a safer outlet. defense mechanism
Denial protects the person from real events that are painful to accept. defense mechanism
is a strategy used by the ego to protect itself from anxiety defense mechanism
Freud asked patients to say whatever came to their minds (__________) in order to tap the unconscious. free association
The mind is like an iceberg. It is mostly hidden, and below the surface lies the unconscious mind. model of mind
develops as a result of our efforts to resolve conflicts between our biological impulses and social restraints. Personality Structure
unconsciously strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives, demanding immediate gratification. id
functions as the “executive” and mediates the demands of the id and superego. ego
provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations. superego
repression (you act like a child), regression (unacceptable thoughts), reaction formation, projection, rationalization, displacement, denial defense mechanisms
--- conscious
--- preconscious
--- unconscious
schemas that automatically control perceptions and interpretations the right-hemisphere activity that enables the split-brain patient’s left hand to carry out an instruction the patient cannot verbalize parallel processing during vision and thinking The Modern Unconscious Mind
implicit memories emotions that activate instantly without consciousness self-concept and stereotypes that unconsciously influence us The Modern Unconscious Mind
--- Problems with the Psychoanalytic Perspective
are questionnaires designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors assessing several traits at once. personality Inventories
was originally developed to identify emotional disorders. Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
Easy to use Easy to score Minimal bias People not always honest Don’t have an “agree” or “disagree” response style Some aspects of personality may be unconscious pros and cons MMPI
Conscientiousness, Agreeableness, Neuroticism, Openness, Extraversion The Big Five Factors
refers to the perception that chance or outside forces beyond our personal control determine our fate, refers to the perception that we can control our own fate. external & internal locus of control (personal control)
We accept responsibility for good deeds and successes more than for bad deeds and failures. Self-Serving Bias
Created by: suebb