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Pathology chpt 4

This is the characteristics of more than one major division of the spine. Transitional vertebra
What is Spina Bifida with meningeal protrusions called? Meningocele
What is a meningeal protrusion? Herniation of the meninges in the lumbar or cervical spine
This is a rare hereditary bone dysplasia involving the bone resorption mechanism of calcified cartilage? Osteopetrosis
What is another name for osteogenesis Imperfecta? brittle bone disease
This is an inherited disorder of connective tissue characterized by multiple fractures and bone abnormalities. osteogenesis imperfecta
This is the most common form of dwarfism that results from diminished proliferation of cartilage in the growth plate. Achondroplasia
What is an enchondral bone formation? the growth plate
This begins as an inflammation of the synovial membrane causing synovial proliferation. Rheumatiod Arthritis
At what age do women have the onset of Rheumatiod Arthritis? 40
Women are affected with Rhuematiod arthritis ____ times more than men. 3
What is the most common form of degenerative arthritis that has osteophyte development? osteoarthritis
This is a bony growth. Osteophyte
This is the result of a pyogenic organism entering through the blood, direct extension, or trauma? Infectious arthritis
This begins as an abscess of the bone Osteomyletitis
Tell how osteomyletitis occurs Pus is produced by acute inflammation spreads down the medullary cavity and outward to the surface; once the infectious process has reached the outer margin of the bone , it raises the periosteum from the bone& may spread along the surface for a long dis
What is the loss of bone density? osteoporosis
What is osteoporosis caused by? accelerated bone resorption
What is the insufficient mineralization of the adult skeleton appearing as a loss of bone density? osteomalacia
What could happen to an osteomalacia patient when standing? Body weight on weight bearing long bone may bend or bow as a result of soften bones
This is blood levels which increased uric acid leading to crystal deposits in the joints, cartliage, and kidneys. gout
The beginning phase of Padgets disease involves what? bone destruction
This is the profilation of fibrous tissue in the medullary cavity. Fibrous dysplasia
When does fibrous dysplasia normally occur? during childhood
This is the result of loss of blood supply. ischemia necrosis
This has a pattern of lytic and sclerotic new bone growth with a flattening of the femoral head associated with periostal new bone. ischemia necrosis
What does a neurismal bone cyst look like? expansible, eccentric cyst like lesions that causes marked ballooning of thinned cortex and having internal septations
This is a classic sunburst pattern of bony spicules that extend in radiating fashion. Osteogenic sarcoma
This is a primary malignant tumors arising from the bone marrow of long bone in children and young adults causing localized pain. ewing's sarcoma
This a classic radiographic appearance of multiple punched out ostelytic lesions scattered throughout the skeletal system. multiple myeloma
name 10 fractures incomplete, transverse, oblique, spiral, comminunted, avulsion, butterfly, segmental, greenstick, and torus
This is usually caaused by falling on an outstreched hand resulting in posterior displacement of the distal fragments of the radius Colles fracture
This results from a weakness in the bone caused by a tumor or infection pathologic fracture
this is the healing of a fracture fragments in faulty or poor position malunion
What does malunion lead to impairment of normal function
what is another name for battered child syndrome? suspected nonaccidental trauma
this is the forward displacement of one vertbra on the other resulting in back pain caused by cleft in the pars interarticulation spondylolisthesis
Created by: atesta0824