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RADT 456 PT CARE

ARRT registry review covering patient care content area.

QuestionAnswer
T/F: Patient consent can be verbal, written, or implied. True; Pg. 3
What are the 5 most readily palpated pulse points? Radial, Carotid, Temporal, Femoral, and Popliteal; Pg.24
How long should hands be washed with soap and warm running water? At least 15 seconds; Pg. 36
T/F: Many microorganisms can remain infectious while awaiting transmission to another host. True; Pg. 36
Hepatitis C virus, hepatitis B virus (HBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are what kind of pathogens? Bloodborne pathogens; Pg. 36
What kind of infections are acquired by patients while they are in the hospital, unrelated to the condition for which the patients were hospitalized? Nosocomial infections; Pg. 37
What are the three main modes of microorganism transmission? Droplet, Airborne, and Contact; Pg. 38
What are the 6 factors in the cycle of infection? Infectious organism, Reservoir of infection, Portal of exit, Susceptible host, Means of transmission, and Portal of entry; Pg. 39
Which precautions should be followed for patients with tubercle bacillus (TB), chickenpox (varicella), and measles (rubeola)? Airborne precautions; Pg. 41
Which precautions should be followed for patients with rubella ("German measles"), mumps, and influenza? Droplet precautions; Pg. 42
Which precautions should be followed for patients with clostridium difficile (C. difficile), MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), and some wounds? Contact precautions; Pg. 42
What kind of isolation is utilized to keep the susceptible patient/patient whose immune system is compromised from becoming infected? Protective, or Reverse isolation; Pg. 43
What are some examples of biomedical waste? Laboratory and pathology waste, all sharp objects, and liquid waste from suction, bladder catheters, chest tubes, and IV tubes, as well as drainage containers; Pg. 43
What all is evaluated for a complete set of vital signs? body temperature, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and arterial blood pressure; Pg. 51
What is the normal adult body temperature? 98.6 degrees F, 37 degrees C; Pg. 52
What are the normal respiration rates for adults and young children? 12-18 breaths/min & up to 30 breaths/min; Pg. 52
What are the normal ranges for systolic and diastolic pressures? Systolic - 100-140 mmHg & Diastolic - 60-90 mmHg; Pg. 52
What is the normal range for an adult pulse? 60-100 BPM; Pg. 53
What kind of infection accounts for the greatest number of nosocomial infections? Urinary tract infection; Pg. 58
What term describes the route of drug administration through topical, subcutaneous, intradermal, intramuscular, intravenous, and intrathecal methods? Parenteral; Pg. 61
T/F: Iodinated contrast agents may be oil based or water based. True; Pg. 63
What kind of contrast is considered for children, the elderly, patients with renal disease, patients with a history of allergic reaction to contrast media, or patients having multiple allergies? Nonionic, or low osmolality; Pg. 63
What is the term for a sudden change in a patient's condition requiring immediate medical intervention? Emergency; Pg. 66
Created by: Kaci Gehlhausen