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PoFW- Theory of Mind

QuestionAnswer
dualism Dualism is the doctrine that there are two different types of substance: physical substance, which is the object of the natural sciences, and mental substance, which is the stuff of which our conscious states are comprised.
materialism Materialism is the position that there is only physical substance. For the materialist, mental states like pains, beliefs, desires, etc. are fundamentally physical states. (aka: physicalism, animalism)
idealism Idealism, like materialism, holds that there is only one substance, but claims that the substance is mental.
functionalism -the mind is not s/t that exists apart from the physical (against dualism) -denies that mental states are identical to physical states (against materialism) -the way in which the physical substance is organized is important -mental states=functional ru
eliminitivism Reductionist and physicalist theory of mind recommending the disuse of psychological terms, like "belief" and "doubt", that lack physical referents.
interactionism the form of dualism that accepts both the theses of physical-to-mental causality and mental-to-physical causality
incompatibilism if all physical events are causally determined by the conjunction of a fixed past and the laws of nature, then human beings lack free will
determinism all physical events are causally determined by the conjunction of a fixed past and the laws of nature (aka causal determinism)
compatibilism it is false that, if all physical events are casually determined by the conjunction of a fixed past and the laws of nature, then human beings do not have free will
libertarianism determinism is false and humans have free will
hard determinism determinism is true and humans do not have free will
Created by: xbaby_bananax