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MSC Restorative Arts

MSC 241 - Restorative Arts

QuestionAnswer
The care of the deceased to recreate natural form and color is the definition of restorative art
The study of the face and its features is called physiognomy
Protrusion of the jaws is called prognathism
The most common frontal view head shape is Oval
The vomer is located in the nasal cavity
Directly anterior to the ear passage lies the mandibular fossa
The widest part of the cranium lies between the parietal eminences
The bony structures that create the widest part of the face are the Zygomatic arches
The zygomatic arches can be used to locate the widest part of the face
Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the line of closure of the mouth to the base of the chin. One-half
Where is the superior border of the chin found when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose. One-third
The superior border of the ear lies on the same transverse plane as the eyebrow
When compared to the length of the face, the length of the ear is One-third
The length of the ear is equal to the distance from the normal hairline to the eyebrow
If the measurement of one eye is 1 1/2 inches wide, the face at its widest part will measure seven and one-half inches
What is the greatest width of the face when compared to the width of the mouth? two and one-half times
What is the distance between the eyes when compared to the width of the mouth? One-half
The width of the eye is equal to the distance between the eyes
The width of the eye is equal to the width of the base of the nose
If one eye measures one and one-fourth inches in width, the mouth will be two and one-half inches
If the width of the left eye measures one and three fourths inches, the distance between the eyes will be one and three-fourths inches
The distance from the base of the nose to the base of the chin is equal to the distance from the base of the nose to the eyebrow
The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to the distance from the hairline to the eyebrow
The distance from the eyebrow to the base of the nose is equal to the length of the ear
What is the location of the line of closure of the mouth when measured from the base of the chin to the base of the nose? two-thirds
Where do the lips meet when measured from the base of the nose to the base of the chin? one-third
The lips meet each other _________ distance from the base of the nose to the superior border of the chin. one-half
The lips meet ______ the distance from the base of the chin to the base of the nose. two-thirds
The feature of the face that is two eyes wide is the mouth
The width of the mouth is equal to ______ the distance between the eyes twice
The small bony eminence at the median line of the chin is known as the mental eminence
The supraorbital margin is created by the frontal bone
The prominence of the cheeks is affected by the zygomatic bones
The incisive fossa is a depression associated with the mandible
The parietal eminences mark the widest part of the cranium
The foramen magum is an opening in the occipital bone
The largest singular bone of the face is the mandible
The mastoid process is a bony landmark of the temporal bone
The eminence located between the eyebrows is the glabella
The vertical portion of the mandible is the ramus
The average adult human body is _______ heads tall 6 to 7
The anterior "non-articulating process" on the ramus of the mandible is the mastoid process
A profile form in which both the forehead and chin protrude beyond the projection of the upper lip is concave
The most common facial profile is convex
A profile form noted for a slight recession in both the forehead and the chin is convex
The lest common facial profile concave
A receding chin and protruding forehead characterizes a facial profile as concave-convex
A facial profile in which the forehead, upper lip, and chin project equally to an imaginary line is balanced
A vertical forehead and a chin that protrudes more than the upper lip characterizes a facial profile as concave-vertical
A vertical forehead and a chin that recedes from the projection of the upper lip characterizes a facial profile as balanced-convex
The eyelids, in natural repose: Abutt (do not overlap)
Large amounts of non-marginal hair can be attached by using: Cement
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: The preferred treatment for sunken eyes before embalming is: Hypo tissue builder
Furrows radiating from the lateral corner of the eye are called: Optic facial sulci
Restored eyelashes should have no hair extended from the extreme ends of the: Line of closure
There is a severe hematoma on the back of the hand. Which of the following is the best treatment? Hypo inject supplemental chemicals after embalming
To restore a waxed end mustache, use: Long hair rolled between the fingers and coated with soap or wax
A characteristic of first degree burns is: Redness
While washing the body prior to embalming, you notice skin slip on the forearms. After arterial injection you should: Apply a cavity pack
A crevice in the skin accompanied by adjacent elevations is known as a: Furrow
Which one of the following is a bone of the face? Parietal, Zygomatic, Frontal, Sphenoid Zygomatic
Which are major restorations? 1-Reduction of swelling, 2-Deep wound repair, 3-Repair of fractures, 4-Minimal hair replacement 2 and 3
In color theory, VALUE refers to: Lightness or darkness
The outer rim of the ear is called the: Helix
When restoring hair, what is used for stray or straggler hairs? Embedding
Which of the these are classic facial proportions? 1-Mouth is 2 eyes wide, 2-Ear length equals distance from base of nose to base of chin, 3-Base of nose to line of lip closure equals base of chin to line of lip closure, 4-Face is 4 eyes wide 1and 2
The cheek bones are wider then the cranium, and the cranium is slightly wider then the lower jaw. The entire face appears to be composed of soft, rounded curves. It is the MOST COMMON HEAD SHAPE. Oval
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Close the facial lacerations with which suture? Basketweave
Which one of the following is one of the geometric head farms (frontal view)? oval
The zygomatic process is a feature of which of the following bones? Temporal
If the nasal bones are damaged, the distorted nose may be restored by plugging with cotton through the: Anterior nares
The deceased has a concave facial profile. The missing upper lip should be affixed _____ protruding on the arc than the lower lip Less
Short, with full cheeks and a rounded fuller jawline, and a rounded cranium. round
The hue sequence pink, rose, cherry is indicative of red that has been: tinted
Appears to be short and composed of straight lines. The forehead, jaw line, and cheeks are approximately the same width. The hairline is often straight. Square
The deceased has third degree burns over the legs. After arterial injection, you should: Hypo inject unpreserved areas
The deceased was in a motor vehicle accident. There are multiple fractures, facial abrasions, and deep lacerations on the face. Major restorative work is needed. QUESTION: Before doing any major restoration, you should: Obtain written permission from the next of kin
When closing the mouth, the line of lip closure resembles a classic hunting bow because it has: Three gently dipping curves
The comparison of the two sides of the face to observe the similarities and differences is referred to as: Bilateral
What is the preferred order to treat an eye enucleation? Remove packing, cauterize, insert prosthesis, cauterize
Appears significantly wider at the jaw line then the cheekbone and forehead. The forehead is the narrowest feature. Eyes are closest. This is the least common head shape. triangle
A body being prepared has an open wound in the cheek which is approx. 1 1/2 inches in diameter and has no visible tissue in the hole. QUESTION: What consistency wax should be used during the initial application? Wound filler (firm)
To restore small lacerations on the forehead: Seal and surface with wax
The determinative pigment of all races is: Melanin
Physiognomy is the study of: Face and features
Tissue building with the needle inserted within the line of lip closure is a point of injection for the: Integumentary lips
Which of these lightens complexion coloring? 1-White, 2-Yellow, 3-Red, 4-Brown 1 and 2
After embalming, the eyes appear distended. Acceptable treatment includes application of heat and: Surgical reduction
What juice and chemical would remove nicotine stains? lemon juice and Sodium hypochlorite
The nostril, corner of the mouth, and behind the earlobe may be used as hidden points of entry to hypodermically treat sunken: Cheeks
The direction of eyebrow hair growth is laterally, _______, and _______ upward and outward
The width of the nose at its base is equal to the width of the eye
Primary colors of light red, green, and blue
Standard of Color (Spectrum) roy.g.biv
Colors for all humans are red, yellow, brown
A classifcation given to a nose that is long, narrow, and high bridged; common to individuals of western european decent greek (leptorrhine) nose
Curved as a beak on an eagle, a nose that has a hook as seen from a profile; may exhibit a hump in the bridge. roman
Characterized by a dip in the bridge and turned up at the end. infantine
The widest part of the __ is measured by the distance between the two parietal eminences. head
The face is three ___ long. noses
The length of the ____ is equal to the length of the ear. nose
The width of the ___ at the wings is equal to the width of an eye. nose
The face is five ___ wide from zygomatic arch to zygomatic arch. eyes
The distance between the ___ is equal to the width of one eye. eyes
The mouth is two __ wide. eyes
The superior border of the ___ is on the same horizontal plane as the eyebrows ear
The inferior border of the __ is on the same horizontal plane as the base of the nose. ear
The face is three ___ long. ears
angulus oris eminence: natural or aquired natural
angulus oris sulcus: natural or aquired natural
bucco-facial sulcus: natural or aquired acquired
cords of the neck: natural or aquired acquired
dimples: natural or aquired natural
inferior palpebral sulcus: natural or aquired acquired
intercilliary sulci: natural or aquired acquired
labial sulci: natural or aquired acquired
labiomental sulcus: natural or aquired natural
mandibular sulcus: natural or aquired acquired
nasal sulcus: natural or aquired natural
nasolabial fold: natural or aquired natural
nasolabial sulcus: natural or aquired acquired
oblique palpebral sulcus: natural or aquired natural
optic facial sulci: natural or aquired acquired
philtrum: natural or aquired natural
submental sulcus: natural or aquired natural
platysmal sulci: natural or aquired acquired
superior palpebral sulcus: natural or aquired acquired
transverse frontal sulci: natural or aquired acquired
an elongated prominence adjoining surface fold/eminence
a crevice in the skin accoumpanied by adjacent elevation (wrinkles) furrow/sulcus
an elongated depressionin a relatively level plane (surface groove/sulcus
Characterized by a jaw line that is narrower then the cheekbone or forehead. The forehead is the widest feature of the face. Eyes are wide set inverted triangle
Characterized by wide cheekbones and narrow forehead and jaw line. The greatest width is across the cheekbone diamond
Long and narrow. The forehead and chin may be rounded or square. The nose is usually long. oblong
The forehead recedes posteriorly from the eyebrows, while the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip. (most common profile) conveX profile
The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows, and the chin protrudes beyond the infantine retrouse plane of the upper lip (least common profile) concave profile
The chin, forehead, and upper lip all project to an imaginary line. Not any one feature protrudes or recedes more than the other. vertical balanced
The forehead recedes from the eyebrows and the chin protrudes beyond the plan of the upper lip. conveX- concave
The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows and the chin recedes from the plane of the upper lip. concave- conveX
The forehead and eyebrows project an imaginary line, and the chin protrudes more than the superior mucous membrane. vertical-concave
The forehead and eyebrows project equally to an imaginary line, and the chin recedes less than the superior mucous membrane. vertical-conveX
The forehead protrudes beyond the eyebrows, while the upper lip and chin project equally to an imaginary vertical line. concave-vertical
The forehead recedes from the eyebrows, while the chin and the upper lip project an equally to an imaginary vertical line. conveX- vertical
Suture that is made the same as the single intradermal suture except that the stitch penetrates through the skin. draw stitch
The pattern of this suture is the same as the single intradurmal suture except that the stitches are made parallel to the lips of the incision. worm stitch
Stitch that is made from beneath up through the skin, and the needle is crossed from side to side with each stitch like a baseball. baseball stitch
Stitch that is used by passing the ligature through both sides of the incision from the outside with the stitch being locked by looping the ligature. lock stitch
Subcutaneous stitch which requires using a suturing needle on each end of the ligature with the suturing needles being crossed from side to side on each stitch. double intradurmal suture
The least common geometric form of head shape from the frontal aspect is triangular
Which head shape exhibits great width across the cheekbones and narrow width in the forehead and jaws? Diamond
Which of the following is a comparison of the two sides of the face to observe similarities and differences of form? Bilateral
Which surfaces do not exhibit similarity in their bilateral curvatures? Submandibular area
To reduce swollen eyes apply heat from the electric spatula.
A protruding eye may require aspiration of the cranium.
Protruding eyes are generally an indication of pressure of gas build-up in the cranial cavity.
In cases of severe eyelid lacerations, it may be necessary to excise and rebuild with wax
Edematous areas can sometimes be treated by injecting stronger arterial solutions.
Cosmetizing an abrasion before waxing covers the darkened abrasion.
A cavity pack will dehydrate and bleach tissues.
Tissue to be restored with wax must be firm and dry because wax will not easily adhere to moist surfaces.
Removal of the skin caused by friction against a firm object or surface results in an abrasion.
Instant bond adhesives are best used to close small clean incisions
A primary reason for applying massage cream to an exposed area is to inhibit dehydration.
Arterial dyes can result in blotching.
What problems are commonly associated with ecchymosis around the eye? Swelling and discoloration
Which procedure generally gives best results during embalming when a black eye is present? Strong fluid, low pressure
Reduction of swellings may be accomplished by lancing, aspiration, or surgical excision.
The primary characteristic of a second degree burn is intense inflammation and blisters.
The primary characteristic of a third degree burn is charring.
Burns incurred after death are classified as third degree.
First degree burns require corrective cosmetic treatment.
The need for a cosmetic undercoat in bum cases depends on darkness of the discoloration.
In the case of swollen lips and eyes resulting from burns, surgical reduction would be performed _______ embalming. after
Unsound tissue in the area of a malignant tumor should be excised
A cancerous area should be excised in most instances _______ embalming after
When excising malignant tissue, the area should be dried and sealed.
When a wood or metal dowel is used to join a decapitated head to a torso, the dowel is usually attached to the torso by forcing into or wiring to the vertebral column.
With the lower end of a dowel attached to the torso in a decapitation case, the upper end is inserted into the foramen magnum.
To treat areas of skin slip ______ loose skin remove
Following the removal of loose skin and hypodermic injection, an area of skin slip should be cosmetized.
A fracture of the bone that results in the bone protruding through the skin is a compound fracture
A fracture with no break in the skin is a simple fracture.
The direction of hair growth of the eyebrow is obliquely upward and outward.
A danger in hypodermic tissue building is overfilling similar parts of the face
Surface lumps caused by tissue building should be distributed by _________ immediately external pressure
A hidden point of entry for hypodermic tissue building in the temporal region is the lateral end of the eyebrow.
When injecting liquid tissue builder the tissue builder should be injected as the needle is withdrawn
A pre-embalming treatment when dealing with penetrating wounds is plugging the wound.
Which suture is used on an exposed area? Intradermal
The basket weave suture is used to hold the edges of an excision in position.
The original scientific standard of color is the spectrum.
The colors of the spectrum are represented by the letters ROY-G-BIV.
Breaking up white light into its many colors is called dispersion
The colors seen by the eye are those that are reflected.
The lightness or darkness of a hue is referred to as its value.
The brightness or dullness of a hue is its intensity.
Red to which white has been added is a tint of red.
Blue to which black has been added is a shade of blue
The addition of a small amount of green to a large amount of red creates a tone of red
Pigment color theory that employs the color wheel is the Prang System
Which hues can be combined to create all other hues? Primary
The surface restorer wax is used primarily for Minor integumentary restorations
In a warm environment, which restorative wax is recommended for surface restorations? Medium consistency
Which of the following components of restorative wax is incorporated to impart color to the wax? Pigment
What is considered the primary anatomical guide for locating and positioning a restored ear? The external auditory meatus
Which suture joins the two parietal bones? Sagittal
Orbital pouch is associated with which facial feature? The eye
Supercilium is a term associated with which facial feature? The eye
When measured from the normal hairline to the base of the chin, what is the location of the superior border of the chin? Eight-ninths
When measured from the normal hairline to the base of the chin, what is the location of the eyebrows? One-third
Where is the base of the nose found when measured from the normal hairline to the base of the chin? Two-thirds
When measured from the base of the chin to the normal hairline, where is the line of mouth closure found? Two-ninths
What is the location of the superior border of the chin when measured from the base of the chin to the eyebrows? One-sixth
What is the location of the superior border of the chin when measured from the eyebrows to the base of the chin? One-sixth
In which part of the face do the lips meet? Lower one-third
The supraorbital area is part of which facial feature? The eye
Swollen eyelids can be corrected by aspiration with a hypodermic syringe.
Hypodermic tissue building is a post-embalming restorative treatment.
Points of entry for hypodermic tissue building should be hidden.
Insertion of a rod into the foramen magnum and the spinal column is a technique for restoring a decapitation
A jagged tearing of the flesh best describes a laceration
The prominence on the midline of the superior mucous membrane is known as the medial lobe.
The anterior ridge of the nose is known as the dorsum.
From the profile view of the nose, the concave dip below the glabella is the root of the nose.
Equal mixtures of a primary and secondary color. intermediate hues
Colors directly opposite on the color wheel. complements
A color that is characterized by long wavelengths; makes objects appear closer and larger and reflects warmth. Orange is the warmest hue. warm colors
A color that is characterized by short wavelengths; creates the impression of coldness and makes an object appear to recede. Blue is the coolest hue cool colors
Which of the following substances when added in progressive quantities to a restorative wax, will soften wax consistency? cream cosmetic
The term cilia is used to denote the eyelashes
The body has a large pus containing encapsulated tumor on the right side of the neck. Which of the following is the proper procedure during embalming? Aspirate the pus
What is the best thing to use when trying to get tangles out of a deceased's hair? conditioner
Hidden points of entry for hypodermic tissue building include the hairline, the corners of the mouth, behind the angle of the jaw and behind the superior attachment of the helix.
Created by: coqui5049