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Rad Pathology Ch 3

Respiratory System

A hereditary disease noted for secretions of excessive viscous mucus by the endocrine and exocrine glands. (and can affect the pancreas) Cystic Fibrosis
___________ means the estimated population of people who are managing a disease at a given time. Prevalence
This is one of the most common causes or respiratory distress in newborns. (caused by surfactant deficiency in underdeveloped lungs) Hyaline Membrane Disease
A viral inflammatory obstruction of the subglottic area of the trachea. Croup
The edema associated with croup causes ___________ __________ or a barking cough. Inspiratory Stridor
Inflammation of the lung most commonly caused by bacteria or viruses. Pneumonia
What does pneumonia look like in a radiograph? Consolidation of the lung parenchyma. (solid white area)
A necrotic area of pulmonary parenchyma containing purulent (pus) material. Lung Abscess
This is caused by a rod shaped bacteria with a waxy coating that allows it to live outside of the body. Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis has 4 primary radiographic appearances: (GHI P) 1)Infiltrates 2)Hilar enlargement 3)Ghon Lesions 4)Pleural effusion
A pulmonary infection of the lung: (give an example) Pulmonary Mycosis (Histoplasmosis)
A virus causing necrosis of the respiratory epithelium in the lower respiratory tract: Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
COPD stands for: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
This includes several conditions where chronic obstruction of the airways leads to an ineffective exchange of respiratory gases and makes breathing difficult. COPD
This is a condition where obstructive and destructive changes in small airways (the acini or terminal bronchioles) lead to a dramatic increase in the volume of air in the lungs: Emphysema
Widespread narrowing of airways caused by an increased response of the tracheobronchial tree to various allergens. Asthma
This is caused by prolonged occupational exposure to irritating particulates: Pneumoconiosis
A form of pneumoconiosis with major complications of mesothelioma, a highly malignant pleural tumor. Asbestosis
A primary carcinoma of the lung arising from the mucosa of the bronchial tree. Bronchogenic Carcinoma
This is the most common type of lung cancer which typically arises in the major central bronchi and causes narrowing of the bronchial lumen. Squamous Carcinoma
This is the most common pathological process involving the lungs of hospitalized patients, typically from stoppage of venous blood flow. Pulmonary Embolism
This is a condition of a collapsed lung, commonly the result of bronchial obstruction. Obstruction could be due to neoplasm, foreign body or mucous plug. Atelectasis
The presence of air in the pleural cavity. Results in a partial or complete collapse of the lung. Pneumothorax
The accumulation of fluid in the pleural space. Most common causes are ___________ __________ _____________ and ______________ ___________. Pleural Effusion; Congestive Heart Failure; Pulmonary Embolisms
The presence of pus or infected liquid in the pleural space. Empyema
Created by: foster1317