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Ch 1 & 2 Pacific Geology & Coral

A low island made of coral surrounding a lagoon Atoll
A material used to make fertilizer Phosphate
Things a place has a good supply of and that meets people's needs Resources
Solid, thin, outside covering of the Earth Crust
Smaller land mass than continents and are surrounded by water Islands
Formed when new coral builds on top of old coral Reef
Mountain built by lava pouring from the Earth Volcano
An underwater reef on the edge of a volcanic island Shelf
Liquid rock that rises through volcanic vents to fill gaps Magma
Two continent plates crash together, both are pushed up... Mountain Range
Two ocean plates come together, they will form... Deep Ocean Trench
Tidal Waves Tsunami
Volcanoes that hasn't done anything for a long time but still has the potential to erupt Dormant
Volcanoes that no longer have openings in the mantle and will never erupt Extinct
Volcanoes that have erupted since the last ice ago, ex: in the past 10,000 years Active
The scientific theory that explains the movement of continents Continental Drift
Reef building coral can live only in water - (4 characteristics) Warm, Shallow, Clear, Salt
The largest ocean Pacific Ocean
A steep island built by a volcano in the ocean Volcanic island
4 ways a plant can get to an island People, Wind, Water (waves), Birds (droppings)
An island that was once a part of a larger continent Continental Island
3 Characteristics of a Continental Island Largest type of island, Diverse animal and plant species, plants and animals are similar to those on continent.
2 Characteristics of a Volcanic Island Plants and animals are usually unique, Fewer species than continental islands
A powerful wind storm typhoon
Formed when new coral builds on top of old coral reef
The shallow water between a reef and the land is called lagoon
True or False - The Hawaiian Islands are located where the Earth's plates meet. False
True or False - Volcanic islands can support more people than continental islands False
True or False - An atoll can support fewer people than volcanic and continental islands True
True or False - The closer a Pacific island is to Asia, the more kinds of plants and animals will have. True
How does coral make reefs? Coral is formed when tiny sea animals die and are pressed together. When new coral builds on top of old coral, reefs form.
Name the 5 oceans. Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific and Southern
Name the 7 continents. Africa, Antartica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America
Created by: MrsJM