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Own questions

Where does the trachea shift when there is an affected lung (collapsed lung, like atelectasis) Towards
Where does the trachea shift when there is increased air (pleural effusion) Away
What is subcutaneous Emphysema AKA crepitus. Air leaks from lung into subcutaneous layer of tissue. (feels like rice krispies) eventually have facial or upper extremity swelling
What is brown sputum old blood
What is yellow sputum infection
What is green sputum old, retained secretions
What is green/foul smelling pseudonomas/other anaerobic organism
Capillary refill If sluggish or abnormal, indicates that vasoconstriction is marked enough to reduce circulation (perfusion) to vital organs
What does the patient assesment include Observation,palpation, percussion -ausculation - temp - RR - Pulse -BP
Tempature is controlled by what hypothalamus (in brain)
Hypothermia decreased oxygen consumption decreased CO2 production
Bradycardia maybe caused by lack of oxygen (hypothermia)
sighing respiration normal RR and depth with periodic deep, audible breaths
intermittent breathing irregular breathing wtih periods of apnea
What is the normal for pulse pressure 30-40
What is the rationale or reason to do auscultation -to assess patient for adequate ventilation -determine which areas of lung are abnormal -identify abnormal sounds -assess effectiveness of therapy -assess adverse reactions to therapy and changes in patient condition.
Which ones transmits sound better? Air or fluid? Fluid except in pleural space Ex. emphysema has lots of air so breath sounds are reduced
Pectus carinatum sternal protusion (pigeon breast) sticks out
Pectus excavatum depression of part or all of sternum (sucks in)
kyphosis abnomal A-P spinal curvature (hunch back)
scoliosis abnormal lateral curvature (S)
Tactile Fremitus (cat purring) (99) What are factors that increase this Solid tissue (pneumonia or tumor)
Tactile Fremitus What are factors that decrease this obesity, pneumothorax, fluid muscular, and emphysema
Thoracic Expansion How far? and what inceases it 3-5 cm normal bilaterally in COPD decreases with nueromuscular diseases
Created by: TnJFarrington12