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Abdomen pathology

QuestionAnswer
Achalasia Failure of the smooth muscle of alimentary canal to relax
Barrett esophagus Peptic ulcer of lower esophagus often with stricture
Bezoar Mass in the stomach formed by material that doesnt pass into intestine
Celiac disease or sprue Malabsorption disease caused by mucosal defect in the jejunum
Colitis inflammation of colon
Diverticulosis Diverticula in the colon without inflammation or symptoms
Gastroesophageal reflux acid reflux
Hiatal hernia Protrusion of the stomach thru the esophageal hiatus of the diapgrahm
Hirschsprung disease or congenital aganglionic megacolon Absense of parasumpathetic ganglia, usually in the distal colon, resulting in the absence of peristalsis
Inguinal hernia protrusion of the bowel into the groin
Ileus failure of bowel peristalsis
Intussusception Prolapse of a portion of the bowel into the lumen of an adjacent part
Meckel diverticulum Diverticulum of the distal ileum, similar to the appendix
Polyp Growth or mass protruding from a mucous membrane
Crohn disease or regional enteritis Inflmmatory bowel disease, most commonly involving the distal ileum
Volvulus Twisting of a bowel loop on itself
Zenker diverticulum Diverticulum located just above the cardiac portion of the stomach
Malabsorption syndrom Disorder in which subnormal absoprtion of dietary constituents occurs
Ulcerative colitis Recurrent disorder causing inflmmatory ulceration of the colon
Abdominal aortic aneurysm Localized dialtion of abdomenal aorta
Bowel obstruction blockage of bowel lumen
Pneumoperitoneum Air in peritoneal cavity
Created by: rachelbeatty4