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Definitions

QuestionAnswer
Apical pulse ausulated with stethoscope located at the apex of the heart
peripheral pulse use fingers felt through walls of arteries (foot, arm, wrist, etc)
apnea absent of breath
eupnea normal breathing
hypopnea decreased depth of respiration
intermittent breathing irregular breathing
bradypnea slow breathing less than 10 bpm
tachypnea fast breathing more than 20 bpm
hyperpnea increased depth of respiration
systolic pressure at its peak during contraction of systole of heart (top number)
diastolic pressure at its lowest when heart is relaxed between contractions
febrile increased tempature
afrebile body temp that is within normal limits
crisis mark changed in intensity of signs and symptoms
hypothermia body temp decreased
hyperthermia body temp increased
tachycardia increased heart rate
bradycardia decreased heart rate
hypertension increased blood pressure
hypotension decreased blood pressure
sensorium describe patients mental awareness or consciousness
pulse deficit present when there is a sig diff between ausculated HR and palpated HR
pulsus paradoxus pulse that is weaker on inspiration and stronger on expiration
pulsus alternans alternating weak and strong pulse
pulse pressure difference between systolic and diastolic
postural hypotension blood pressure falls when patient sits up
syncope temporary loss of consciousness caused by reduced blood flow and reduced supply of oxygen and nutrients to brain
clubbing painless enlargement of ends of fingers and toes (carcinoma, COPD, cystic fibrosis, chronic cardiovascular disease)
cyanosis discoloration that includes more of a bluish color to skin
diaphragmatic excursion Diaphragmatic excursion is the movement of the thoracic diaphragm during breathing
hepatomegaly enlargement of liver
parenchyma the essential or functional elements of the organ
Created by: TnJFarrington12