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Pathology chpt 3

QuestionAnswer
This is a hereditary disease noted for secretion of excessive viscous mucus by endocrine and exocrine gland Cystic fibrosis
What is one of the most common causes of respiratory distress in the newborn? Hyaline membrane disease
What causes inspiratory strider or a barking cough? The edema associated with the croup
This is an inflammation of the lung. Acute pneumonia
How is acute pneumonia caused by? Bacteria and viruses
What is the necrotic area of pulmonary parenchyma containing purulent(pus) material? Lung abscess
This has 4 primary radiographic appearances and what are they? Tuberculosis; infiltrates, hilar enlargement, Ghon lesions, and pleural effusion
This is a fungal infection of the lung Pulmonary Mycosis
This is a virus causing necrosis of the respiratory epithelium in the lower respiratory tract Respiratory Syncytial Virus or RSV
This includes several conditions where chronic obstruction of the airways leads to an ineffective exchange of respiratory gases and making breathing difficult COPD
This condition is where obstructive and destructive changes in small airways(the ancient or terminal bronchioles) lead to a dramatic increase in the volume of air in the lungs Emphysema
This is wide spread narrowing of airways caused by an increased response of the tracheobronchial tree to various allergens Asthma
This is caused by prolonged occupational exposure to irritating particulates Pneumoconiosis
What is the major complication of asbestosis and what is it? Mesothelioma , a highly malignant pleural tumor
This's the primary carcinoma of the lung arising from the mucosa of the bronchial tree Bronchogenic carcinoma
What's the most common types flung cancer and where does it arise? Squamous carcinoma, in the major central bronchi causing narrowing of the bronchial lumen
This is the most common pathological process involving the lungs of hospitalized patients,typically from stoppage of venous blood flow Pulmonary embolism
Whatis the condition of a collapsed lung and what are they duets? Atelectasis , this is a result of bronchial obstruction that could be due to neoplasm, foreign body or mucous plug
This is the presence of air in the pleural cavity and what is the result? Pneumothorax, results in a partial or complete collapse of the lung
What is the accumulation of fluid in the pleural space and what are the most common causes of this? Pleural effusion, congestive heart failure and pulmonary embolisms
This is the presence of pus or infected liquid in the pleural space Empyema
Created by: atesta0824