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Autism - Language and Communication Module Assessment

What is language? Language is a formal symbol system that has structural qualities, including morphology, semantics, and syntax.
What is speech? Speech is one means of expressing language. It is the ability to use all the speech sounds in a particular language.
What is communication? Communication is an interactive exchange between two or more people to express needs, feelings, and ideas.
Name some of the unique communication characteristics of individuals with autism. -Difficulty understanding nonverbal communication -Difficulty with reciprocal interaction -Difficulty understanding how to point out things of interest -Impaired ability to initiate and maintain conversation -Ritualized communication
What is autism? Autism is a complex disorder characterized by three core symptoms: social impairments, communication impairments, and repetitive behaviors.
What are examples of nonverbal communication? Eye gaze, gestures, and facial expressions
What is linked to an increase in language competence? A child's ability to integrate his or her personal experiences, social experiences, and knowledge base in a flexible way.
What is receptive language? Receptive language is the ability to comprehend the meaning of what others say.
What is expressive language? Expressive language is the ability to use oral and written language in a conventional way.
What do children do in the absence of understanding how to communicate in conventional ways? -use a range of positive and negatives behaviors to communicate their needs and feelings -seek to communicate with others in routine, ritualized ways
What is reciprocal interaction? Reciprocal interaction mean "back-and-forth interaction," "taking turns" and "sharing experiences."
What is joint attention? Joint attention is communicating to share.
What is communicative function? Communicative function refers to the many purposes or reasons to communicate a single message.
Give examples of what is required in a conversation. Conversation requires: paying attention to another's verbal and nonverbal message, interpreting the meaning of another's verbal and nonverbal message, understanding the perspective of another, expressing ideas related to the topic of conversation,etc.
Name some reasons communication rituals occur in individuals with autism. -the communication rituals are social and the individual's best effort to interact -the communication rituals are used to express anxiety -the communication rituals are calming -the communication rituals show poor inhibition
Name some of the benefits of using Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC)for non-speaking individuals. -Increased communication competence -Increased rate of developing speech -Decreased rate of problem behaviors associated with poor communication skills
What are verbal rituals? Verbal rituals are any use of language that is repetitive, insistent, and often expressed with intense emotion.
How should echolalia be viewed in individuals with autism? -a way to learn syntax/grammar -a way to learn language meaning -a way to maintain social interaction -a way to communicate with you
What is echolalia? A repetition of other's speech that may our immediately after hearing a message or significantly later.
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