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Forms of Energy

Vocabulary terms for Forms of Energy

QuestionAnswer
What is the ability to change matter or the ability to do work? Energy
What is energy of motion that depends on speed and mass? Kinetic Energy
What is stored energy when matter is not moving and is based on its position or shape? Potential Energy
What is Energy stored in matter because of its chemical makeup? Chemical Energy
What is Energy due to charged matter? Electrical Energy
What is Energy carried by electromagnetic radiation? Radiant Energy
What is Energy of matter caused by its position or its motion? Mechanical Energy
What is Energy that is related to heat and the temperature of matter? Thermal Energy
What is Energy associated with changes in the nucleus of an atom? Nuclear Energy
What is a natural resource that can be converted by humans into other forms of energy in order to do useful work? Energy Resource
What are the nonrenewable energy resources that form in the Earth's crust over millions of years from the buried remains of once-living organisms? Fossil Fuels
What are the natural resources that cannot be replaced or that can be replaced only over thousands or millions of years? Nonrenewable resources
What are the natural resources that can be used and replaced over a relatively short time? Renewable resources
What is the energy caused by the sun's radiation? Solar Energy
What causes the energy known as hydropower? Water Energy
What is the energy caused by wind currents? Wind Energy
What is the energy caused from the heating of the Earth's crust? Geothermal Energy
What is the energy caused from the burning of organic matter to release energy? Biomass
What type of resource exists in such large supply that it is considered almost limitless? Inexhaustible
Digesting of food is an example of what type of energy? Chemical
The turning of a bicycle pedal to make it move is what type of energy? Mechanical
Flipping a light switch and causing a light to turn on uses what type of energy? Electrical
Dissolving tea in a hot cup of water uses what type of energy? Thermal
Cooking a meal in a microwave uses what type of energy? Radiant
Sitting in a car at the top of the roller coaster uses what type of energy? Potential
Speeding down the hill of a roller coaster uses what type of energy? Kinetic
What is the energy transformation to produce electricity with hydropower? Potential Energy of water behind Dam, Kinetic gravitational energy of falling water, water turns turbine, turbine turns generator, generator produces electricity.
What is the energy transformation to produce electricity with coal? Chemical energy in coal, coal is burned, heats the water, steam turns the turbine, turbine turns the generator, generator produces electricity.
What is the energy transformation to produce electricity with a wind turbine? Wind turns the blade into mechanical energy, shaft turns the generator, generator produces electricity.
What are the renewable energy resources? biomass, geothermal, wind, solar, hydropower,
What are the nonrenewable energy resources? coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear uranium
What source produces the most important form of energy for life? The Sun
Created by: ellamoore