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World G Europe test

World Geography Europe test

Europe's Northwestern mountains have been rounded by what? Millions of years of erosion and glaciation, features relatively low peaks.
The Danube River flows from Germany to what Through Hungary and Romania to the Black Sea
The Northern European Plain is rich in what? Fertile Soil
A fine, rich soil that is carried by the wind is known as what? Loess
A _____ climate is found in most of souther Europe. Mild climate
How does the Netherlands protext its lowland areas? Dikes
Which two factors most influence Europe's climate and vegetation? Mountains, and proximity to the sea
The Pyrenees Mountains separate the _____ peninsula from the rest of Europe. Iberian Peninsula
The British Isles includes the islands of what? Great Britain, and Ireland, and thousands of smaller islands.
The ____ separate(s) the Iberian Peninsula from Africa The Atlantic Ocean/Mediterranean Sea
Permafrost is found in which European countries? The Tundra regions, of the Northern half of Sweden and Finland
Which ocean currents bring warm waters to the Western Europe? The Gulf Stream, and North Atlantic Current
The coastline of the Scandinavian Peninsula is characterized by long, narrow, steep-sided inlets called? Fjords
Europe's marine west coast climate is what? Sweden. With cool summers, and mild winters. Nearly 90 inches of annual precipitation.
Much or Eastern Europe has a _____ climate with cold, snowy winters, and hot summers. Mild
_____ is the tallest mountain in the Alps Ben Nivas
About how much of the Netherlands lies below sea level? 25%
Europe is a what? Large Peninsula
The Iberian Peninsula separates _____ and the _______. Atlantic Ocean/Mediterranean Sea
Vast oil and natural gas deposits in ________ contribute greatly to Europe's energy needs. North Sea
The _______ River flows from the Swiss Alps through France and Germany. Rhine River
The Balkan Peninsula is bounded by the _____ Seas on the west and the _____ Seas on the east. Adriatic and Ionian seas on the west, and the Aegean and Black seas on the east.
The ______ Peninsula forms the mainland part of Denmark and extends into the North sea. Jutland Peninsula
The United Kingdom includes what? Ireland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Denmark
In the 1990's ______ fractured along ethnic lines, sparking violence and movements for independence. Yugoslavia
The ______ was an age of exploration and artistic achievements in Europe. Renaissance
Beginning in the late _______, the Industrial Revolution transformed manufacturing in Europe by replacing human labor with machines. 1600's
The ancient Greeks formed city-states that were independent but share a common what? Greek language and culture.
A system in which monarchs or lords gave land to nobles in return for sledges of loyalty was known as what? Feudalism
The goal of the _____ is a united Europe in which goods, services, and workers can move freely among member countries. European Union
After World War II, most eastern European countries were under what? Communist countries.
The city-state of _______ introduced the Western idea of democracy. Athens
The Reformation, a movement that lessened the power of the Roman Catholic church, began in? The 1500's
Industrial and social changes in Europe in the 1800's led to ______, an economic system in which owners used profits to expand their companies. Realism/Romanticism
Foreigners who work on a temporary basis in a country other than the ones in which they are citizens are called what? Guest Workers
The _______ was a power struggle between the Soviet-controlled Communist world and non-communist world. Cold War
Constantinople was the capital of what? Byzantine Empire
__________ is the most populous country in all of Europe. Germany
Countries that have health-care systems funded by the government are known as what? Welfare States
______ focused on emotions and the struggle of individuals. Romanism
Who invaded Britain in the Middle Ages after the Romans left? Norway, Denmark, and Sweden
Who led the Reformation? Martin Luther King
The Reformation introduces _______ to Europe. Protestism
Most Eastern Europe is ethnically what? Slavic
What happened to Germany after World War II Dividing into communist East Germany
This city was the center of the Roman Empire Rome
What group of people held Spain for over 700 years? Italy
The division of a region into smaller regions that are often hostile with each other is called what? Balkanization
Byzantine missionaries spread _____ across Eastern Europe. Eastern Orthodoxy
The ancient ______ and ______ developed many basic architectural elements such as columns, arches, and domes. Greeks and Romans
The ____ fell in 1453 and came under the control of the Ottoman Empire Empire
Ukraine and Poland can support large populations due to what? Fertile soil, and ample water resources
The European Union requires its members to what? To revers the damage
The Maastricht Treaty was the agreement that what? It aimed to make Europe's economies competitive with those of the rest of the world by getting rid of restrictions on the movement of goods, services, and people across its members' boarders
Created by: Sholsinger2



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