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Pharmacology2 test2

QuestionAnswer
Insulin Diabetes Novolin-R, Humilin-R It's fucking insulin
Insulin Lispro Diabetes Humalog Rapid Acting Insulin
Insulin Aspart Diabetes Novolog Rapid acting Insulin
NPH Insulin Diabetes Intermediate Acting Insulin Subcutaneous only
Insulin Glargine Diabetes Long acting insulin
Insulin Detemir Diabetes Long acting insulin
Glyburide Diabetes Diabetta, Micronase Insulin Secretagogue Sulfonylurea
Glipizide Diabetes Glucotrol Insulin secretagogue Sulfonyurea
Repaglinide Diabetes Prandin Insulin Secretagogue Meglitinide Glucose Concentration Dependant Less side effects Than sulfonylureas
Nateglinide Diabetes Starlix Insulin Secretagogue Meglitinide Glucose Concentration Dependant Less side effects Than sulfonylureas
Metformin Diabetes Glucophage Insulin Sensitizer BIguanide Lowers blood pressure, lipids, body weight Lactic acidosis possible side effect
Rosiglitazone Diabetes Avandia Insulin Sensitizing Increases PPAR gamma insulin mediated synthesis of new glucose transporters. Causes fluid retention. Bad for CHF
Pioglitazone Diabetes Actos Insulin Sensitizing Increases PPAR gamma insulin mediated synthesis of new glucose transporters. Causes fluid retention. Bad for CHF
Acarbose Diabetes Precose alpha-glucosidase inhibitor Prevents breakdown and absorption of carbs in the intestine Atenuates postprandial glucose peaks
Exenatide Diabetes Byetta Incretin Mimetic Injectable, DPPIV resistan Incretin, activates GLP receptors to enhance glucose dependent insulin secretion, Inhibit glucagon, slow gastric emptying, promote satiety
Stigaliptan Diabetes Januvia Dipeptidyl peptidase inhibitor Oral, activates GLP receptors to enhance glucose dependent insulin secretion, Inhibit glucagon, slow gastric emptying, promote satiety
Pramlintide Diabetes Symlin Amylin Analog Injectable, same effects as the others.
Digoxin CHF Lanoxin Inhibits cell membrane bound Na K pumps. Causes increased Ca for contraction. Vagal slowing of heart rate Diuretic action
Digoxin Immune Fab CHF Digibind Digoxin toxicity
Dobutamine CHF Synthetic cardioselective B agonist. Given IV in severe refractory CHF
Dopamine CHF Same as Dobutamine, but more side effects
Inamrinone CHF IV in severe refractory CHF Promotes cAMP activation resulting in Increased Ca Thrombocytopenia
Milrinone CHF IV in severe refractory CHF Promotes cAMP activation resulting in Increased Ca
Captopril CHF Capoten Ace BEST KOREA, not activated in liver
Enalapril CHF Vasotec
Fosinopril CHF Monopril
Quinapril CHF Accupril
Losartan CHF Cozaar
Valsartan CHF Diovan
Candesartan CHF Atacand
Spironolactone, Epleronone CHF Most beneficial diuretics in CHF
Quinidine Antiarrhythmic Class 1A. Can cause other arrhymias
Procainamide Antiarrhythmic Class 1A LUPUS
Lidocaine Antiarrhythmic Class 1B Shortens Phase 3 and AP duration
Flecainide Antiarrhythmic Class 1C
Propanolol Antiarrhythmic Class II Beta blocker Good
Acebutolol Antiarrhythmic Class II Beta Blocker Stupid
Esmolol Antiarrhythmic Class II Beta Blocker Very short acting, good for surgery or emergency situations
Amiodarone Antiarrhythmic Class III Multiple class effects
Dofetilide Antiarrhythmic Class III
Verapamil Antiarrhythmic Class IV block calcium channels
Diltiazem Antiarrhythmic Class IC Block Calcium Channels
Adenosine Antiarrhythmic Decreases Conduction velocity
Lepirudin Anticoagulant Refludan Binds to thrombin and inhibits it
Protamine Sulfate Heparin overdose
Urokinase Anticoagulant Abbokinase Activate plaminogen to create plasmin, which breaks down fibrin
Alteplase Anticoagulant Activase Activates fibrin bound plasminogen to break clots. Less circulating effects
Aminocarpic Acid Effects Alteplase and Urokinase by inhibitin plasminogen activation
Tranexamic Acid Same as amincarpic acid
Desmopression Acetate Anticoagulant DDAVP enhances secretion of von willebrand factor and factor VII Short term Hemostatic control
Erythropoetin Anemia Epoetin Alfa, Epogen, Procrit Increase blood cell production Treats severe anemia
Filgrastim Anemia Neupogen Myeloid growth factor neutrophil colony stimulating factor
Sargramostim Anemia Leukine granulocyte and macrophage colony stimulating factor
Oprelvekin Anemia Neumega magakaryocyte and platelet colony stimulating factor
Created by: amarche1
 

 



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