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LSAT Four Families

QuestionAnswer
Name the four families Prove, Help, Hurt, Disprove
Describe the directions of each family as related to answer and stimulus Prove- Stimulus to Answer; Help- Answer to stimulus; Hurt- Stimulus to answer; Disprove- Answer to stimulus
Prove Group 1. must be true 2. main point 3. point at issue 4. method of reasoning 5. flaw in reasoning 6. parallel reasoning
Help Family 1. assumption 2. justify the conclusion 3. strengthen/support 4. resolve the paradox
Hurt Family 1. weaken
Disprove Family 1. cannot be true
Prove Rule 1 You must accept the stimulus information-- even if it contains an error in reasoning-- and use it to prove that one of the answer choices must be true.
Prove Rule 2 Any information in an answer choice that does not appear either directly in the stimulus or as a combination of items in the stimulus will be incorrect.
Help Rule 1 The information in the stimulus is suspect. There are often reasoning errors present, and depending on the question, you will help shore up the argument in some way.
Help Rule 2 The answer choices are accepted as given, even if they include new information. Your task is to determine which answer choice best meets the question posed in the stem.
Hurt Rule 1 The information in the stimulus is suspect. There are often reasoning errors present, and you will further weaken the argument in some way.
Help Rule 2 The answer choices are accepted as given, even if they include new information. Your task is to determine which answer choice best attacks the argument in the stimulus.
Disprove Rule 1 You must accept the stimulus information--even if it contains an error of reasoning-- and use it to prove that one of the answer choices cannot occur.
Disprove Rule 2 Any information in an answer choice that does not appear either directly in the stimulus or as a combination of items in the stimulus will be incorrect. The correct answer choice will directly disagree with the stimulus or a consequence off the stimulus.
Created by: choochoodoll
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