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* Geography Exam *

Geography Exam 1st Period 12/18/12

What are the three major climate regions? High, Mid, and Low Latitude (Polar, Temperate, Tropic)
What are the twelve different climates? 1. Tropical wet 2. Tropical wet and dry 3. Semiarid 4. Desert (arid) 5. Mediterranean 6. Humid subtropical 7. Marine West Coast 8. Humid continental 9. Subarctic 10. Tundra 11. Icecap 12. Highland
Describe tropical wet climate. - direct sunlight all year - hot all year - rain forests - rains a lot
Describe tropical wet and dry. - wet in summer - dry in winter - temperature is pretty high throughout year - grasses and shrubs with few trees
Describe semiarid. - experiences summer and winter - temperature depends on latitude (cold in north, warm in south) - dry, but not as dry as arid - grasses and shrubs with few trees - about 10 inches of rain per year
Describe arid (desert). - most don't have regular seasons - mostly dry and hot year round - temperature depends on latitude - less than 10 inches of rain per year - shrubs and grasses
Describe mediterranean. - long summer, mild winter - mild seasons - warm to hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters - fairly dry climate - shrubs, grasses, and herbs - evergreens, fruit trees, and vines
Describe humid subtropical. - longer summer - fairly warm year round - usually close to equator - rains; storms such as tornadoes and hurricanes - evergreen trees, bushes, and shrubs
Describe marine west coast. - mild but wet climate - no major temperature changes - rains a lot - thick forests, wide variety of plants
Describe humid continental. - usually found in northern hemisphere - warm and humid summer, cool and dry autumn (fall), cold and harsh winter, and a warm and wet spring - extreme temperatures - wide variety of plants found here
Describe subarctic. - long winter, mild winter - temperature depends on latitude - very little precipitation - evergreens
Describe tundra. - harsh, cold winter, cool summer - negative to about 50 degrees year round - low levels of precipitation - mainly grasses shrubs, and mosses
Describe icecap. - located at poles - low negatives are considered warm - cold all year round - extreme cold - no rain - no plants, barely and moss and fungus
Describe highlands. - warm at bottom, cold at top - mountains - precipitation depends on elevation - trees
What is a timberline? Visible line on a mountain where trees stop growing
Define weather. Short period of time.
Define climate. Long period of time.
Define solstice. Summer solstice - longest day of the year. Winter solstice - shortest day of the year.
Define equinox. Day of year when night and day hours are equal.
Define photoperiod.
Define extreme weather. Very high and low temperatures.
Define natural disaster. A disaster that is very damaging. Causes by natural forces.
Define meteorology. study of weather
Define tropical cyclone, typhoon, and hurricane Wet storm usually occurs in warm and humid areas.
Define Saffir-Simpson Scale. Scale that measures how big the storm is (what level 1-5)
Define storm surge. Worst part of storm, most damaging.
Created by: kate_s