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chapter 5 objectives

AP Psychology

Explain the difference between bottom-up and top-down processing
Define transduction, and specify the form of energy our visual system converts into the neural messages our brain can interpret
Describe the major structures of the eye, and explain how they guide an incoming ray of light toward the eye’s receptor cells
Contrast the two types of receptor cells in the retina, and describe the retina’s reaction to light
Define parallel processing, and discuss its role in visual information processing
Explain how the Young-Helmholtz and opponent process theories help us understand color vision
Explain the importance of color constancy
Describe the three regions of the ear, and outline the series of events that triggers the electrical impulses sent to the brain
Contrast the place and frequency theories, and explain how they help us to understand pitch perception
Describe how we pinpoint sounds
Contrast the two types of hearing loss, and describe some of their
Describe how cochlear implants function, and explain why Deaf culture advocates object to these devices
State the purpose of pain, and describe the biopsychosocial perspective on pain
Describe the sense of taste, and explain the principle of sensory interaction
Describe the sense of smell, and explain why specific odors so easily trigger memories
Distinguish between kinesthesis and the vestibular sense
A musician is walking home alone late one night and is startled when a dog in a yard to his left barks unexpectedly. Respond to each of the following regarding the musician’s ability to hear the bark.
Trace the path that the sound waves travel as they enter the ear and proceed to the receptor cells for hearing.
Trace the path that the neural impulses created by the bark travel from the receptor cells in the brain
Using 2 theories of pitch perception, explain how the brain might process the pitch of the dog’s bark
Explain how the musician would know that the bark originated to his left without seeing the dog?
Created by: Karigarcia