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ss handbook

handbook for midterms

continents Earth's 7 largest bodies of land Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, South America
oceans Earth's four large bodies of salt water Atlantic, Arctic, Indian, Pacific Oceans
hemisphere hemi-Greek word for half; sphere - round like a ball or a sphere Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western
equator circles the middle of the earth like a belt divides the Earth into Northern and Southern hemispheres located 0 degrees latitude everything north of the equator in the northern hemisphere and everything south of the equal is in the southern hemispher
prime meridian divides the earth into eastern and western hemispheres everything east of the prime meridian is in the eastern hemisphere everything to the west of the prime meridian is in the western hemisphere located at 0 degrees longitude and runs through the roy
latitude imaginary lines that circle the earth parallel to the equator and measure the distance north or south of the equator, also called parallel lines
longitude imaginary lines that circle the earth from pole to pole measures distances east or west of the prime Meridian also called merdians
cardinal directions north, south, east, west
intermediate directions northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest
compass rose a symbol located on a map that tells where the cardinal directions are located
map key tells what the symbols stand for on a map
political map shows information such as cities, capital cities, states,and countries boundaries, human-made features, also identifies major physical features
physical map call out landforms and water features like rivers, oceans, mountains, deserts, etc. colors used on physical maps include brown or green for land and blue for water
grid system a pattern created by lines of latitude and longitude crossing one another used to determine absolute location
globe a round scale model of the earth the most accurate way to depict the earth
degrees a unit measurement that indicates the distance between lines of latitude and longitude
relief refers to how flat or rugged a land surface is
elevation shows the height of land above sea level
cartographer a person who draws or makes maps
scale bar a measuring line on a map that helps to determine the distance between 2 points
Created by: lyncall