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Course 1

Foundations in Special Education

The first special classes were established in 1869 in Boston for deaf students.
The first special classes were established in 1896 in Chicago for for blind students.
The normalization principle was a major factor in the development of community-based services for individuals with mental retardation.
In 1975, Congress enacted a federal law known as Public Law (P.L.) 94-142 or the Education of All Handicapped Children Act.
Starting in 1983, this was amended several times and expanded its range of programs to include early intervention programs for infants/toddlers with disabilities and transition programs. P.L. 94-142
In 1990, P.L. 94-142 was renamed to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).
Refers to a condition that a person has. Disability
Describes the consequences of having the disability. Handicap
Defines special education as specially designed instruction. IDEA
Under IDEA, a student is eligible for special education services if he/she has a disability and because of the disability, the student has exceptional learning needs.
There are this many categories of exceptionality in which students aged 6-21 are served under IDEA? 12
Students with disabilities are provided with an Individualized Education Program (IEP) if they are how many years old? 3-21
Students with disabilities are provided with an Individualized Family Service Plan (IFSP) from birth through 2 years.
In the 1999-2000 school year the number of students with exceptional learning needs (ages 6-21) served under IDEA was 5,683,707.
The principle of the least restrictive environment (LRE) emphasizes the purposeful mainstreaming/integration of students with disabilities into classes with their students who do not have disabilities.
One aspect of IDEA was to infuse federal dollars into grants-in-aid to assist states in covering the excess cost of special education services.
Two important features of IDEA were the requirement of a Free and Appropriate Public Education (FAPE) and an Individualized Education Program (IEP).
This office was created as a major unit within the Department of Education for implementing and monitoring compliance with IDEA. Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP)
Created by: luvnmycstie