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PSY 216 Final Review

Skinner

QuestionAnswer
what is the basic concept of skinner? to understand behavior we must look at relationships between stimuli and behavior, behavior results from our genetic & environmental history, science must be observable
(Influences) Thorndike law of effect. IQ tests. problem solving with animals.
(Influences) Pavlov conditioned reflexes. unconditioned stimulus> unconditioned response (food>salivate) conditioned stimulus>conditioned response (bell>salivate)
(Influences) Watson behaviorism
Respondent behavioral learning deals with reflexes, stimulus substitution
Operant behavioral learning operates on environment. response repertoire.
Elicited vs Emitted Respondent=elicited Operant=emitted Elicited= particular stimulus will 100% cause the response Emitted= "throws off" behavior. not 100% guaranteed to cause a person to perform the behavior
positive and negative reinforcement giving a reward vs taking away a negative stimulus
primary and secondary reinforcement reinforcement biologically determined vs reinforcement not biologically determined
shaping reinforce behavior that makes goal behavior more probable
Created by: cappela4