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Psych Final Ch 7

Ch 7

QuestionAnswer
Learning a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience
Behaviorism an approach to psychology that emphasizes the study of observable behavior and the role of the environment as a determinant of behavior ; a data driven, bottom-up research approach
Unconditioned stimulus and response elicits a response in the absence of learning; the reflexive response to a stimulus in the absence of learning
Conditioned stimulus and response an initially neutral stimulus that comes to elicit conditioned response after being paired with an unconditioned stimulus; a response that is elicited by the conditioned stimulus occurs after the CS has been associated with the US (is similar to the US)
Extinction the weakening and eventual disappearance of a learned response; in classical condition, it occurs when the conditioned stimulus is no longer paired with the unconditioned stimulus
Stimulus generalization in classical conditioning, occurs when a new stimulus that resembles the conditioned stimulus elicits the conditioned response
Stimulus discrimination the tendency to respond differently to two or more similar stimuli; in classical conditioning, occurs when a stimulus similar to the conditioned stimulus fails to evoke a conditioned response
Classical conditioning the process by which a previously neutral stimulus acquires the capacity to elicit a response through association with a stimulus that already elicits a similar response
Operant conditioning the process by which a response becomes more likely to occur or less so, depending on its consequences
Positive reinforcement when a pleasant consequence follows a response, making the response more likely to recur
Negative reinforcement when an unpleasant consequence is removed following a response, making the response more likely to recur
Positive punishment when an unpleasant consequence follows a response, making the response less likely to recur
Negative punishment when a pleasant consequence is removed following a response, making the response less likely to recur
Created by: lygordon