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Ch. 13 Personality

Psych. FINAL

QuestionAnswer
According to Jung, the female part of the male personality Anima
According to Jung, the male part of the female personality Animus
Ancient or archaic images that result from common ancestral experiences; often expressed in dreams, hallucinations, and myths Archetypes
The essence of personality: the Big Five personality dimensions, plus talents, aptitudes, and cognitive abilities Basic Tendencies
The point at which a person moves from not behaving to behaving Behavioral thresholds
A categorization scheme for personality that includes 5 dimensions: Openness to experience, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism (OCEAN) Big Five or Five-Factor Model
According to Jung, the shared experiences of our ancestors that have been passed down from generation to generation Collective unconscious
Unconscious strategies used by the mind to protect itself from harmful, threatening, and anxiety-provoking thoughts, feelings, or impulses; they deny or distort reality in some way Defense mechanisms
Freud's term for the sense of self; the part of the mind that operates on the "reality principle" Ego
Freud's term for the seat of impulse and desire; the pleasure-seeking part of our personality. Id
An unhealthy need to dominate or upstage others as a way of compensating for feelings or deficiency Inferiority complex
Measure of how much agreement there is in ratings when using two or more raters or coders to rate personality or other behaviors Inter-rater reliability
According to Freud, a developmental phase, lasting from age 6 until puberty, in which the sense of sexuality is dormant Latency stage
According to Jung, all of our repressed and hidden thoughts, feelings, and motives Personal unconscious
The unique and relatively enduring set of behaviors, feelings, thoughts, and motives that characterize an individual Personality
A defense mechanism in which people deny and repress particular ideas, feelings, or impulses but project them onto others Projection
Method of measuring personality traits by presenting an ambiguous stimulus or situation to participants and asking them to give their interpretation of or tell a story about what they see Projective tests
Freud's stages of personality development; in different stages, a different region of the body is most erogenous Psychosexual stage theory
A technique in behavioral genetics that looks for the location on genes that might be associated with particular behaviors Quantitative trail loci (QTL) approach
Self-report instruments that consist of individual statements, or items; respondents indicate the extent to which they agree or disagree with each statement as it applies to their personality Questionnaires
A defense mechanism that turns an unpleasant idea, feeling, or impulse into the opposite Reaction formation
Defense mechanism for keeping unpleasant thoughts, feelings, or impulses out of consciousness Repression
A projective test involving a serious of ambiguous inkblots presented one at a time; the participant is asked to say what he or she sees in each one Rorschach Inkblot Test
People's inherent drive to realize their full potention Self-actualization
According to Alder, the major drive behind all behavior, whereby humans naturally strive to overcome their physical and psychological deficiencies Striving for superiority
A defense mechanism in which a socially unacceptable impulse is expressed in a socially acceptable and even desirable way Sublimation
Freud's term for the part of the mind that monitors behavior and evaluates it in terms of right and wrong; the conscience Superego
A projective test that consists of a series of hand-drawn cards depicting simple scenes that are ambiguous; the participant makes up a story about what he or she thinks is going on in the scene Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
A disposition to behave consistently in a particular way Trait
In Roger's approach to psychotherepy, the ability to respect and appreciate another person regardless of his or her behavior Unconditional positive regard
The level of consciousness containing all drives, urges, and instincts that are outside awareness but nonetheness motivate most behavior Unconscious
Created by: shanncruz