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safety and accident prevention

Safety laws 1. workers comp. and liability 2. OSHA and NIOSH 3. Product Liability Laws
Workers comp and liability compensation for on job injuries regardless of whose at fault
NIOSH and OSHA National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health Occupational Safety and Health Administration
product liability product has to state all possible warnings of product or could be sued for injuries not listed
contributing factors of accidents 1. individual characteristics 2. job characteristics 3. physical lighting
FACTORS OF ACCIDENTS: individual characteristics 1. age and gender 2. experience 3. extraneous factors (drugs, stress etc.)
FACTORS OF ACCIDENTS: job characteristics 1. equipment, tools, controls 2. electrical hazards 3. mechanical hazards 4. pressure (equip. under) 5. toxic substances
FACTORS OF ACCIDENTS: physical environment 1. lighting 2. noise and vibration 3. temperature and humidity 4. fire hazards
human error- classification of types WHAT HAPPENED 1. commission- do something we shouldnt have 2. omission- failure to act or do something
human error- classification of types- WHY DID IT HAPPEN 1. intended- -knowledge based mistakes- least amount of experience - rule based- selection of wrong rule 2. unintended- - slip- something didnt intend to do - lapse- did not intend not to do an action
Hazard Identification and Control- Hazard Criticality and risk look at impact and frequency of occurrence- design for every conceivable use and put warnings for all possible uses
Hazard Identification- failure modes what happens if system fails? Have we made allowances for this?
Controlling hazards 1. eliminate source 2. control hazard path 3. human control of hazard 4. administrative- procedure in place to avoid this
Safety Management- Safety Programs 1. identifying risks 2. implementing safety programs
Risk Taking and Warnings- cognitive elements of risk taking -percieve appraisal of hazard/injury - novelty of hazard- activity that is new to them ( not aware of risks) -voluntary exposure- are you choosing to participate? - familiarity of product to user
Warnings and labels- design -signal word (caution, warning, danger)usually red or yellow - hazard description- (toxic ) - consequences of hazard - avoidance behavior
Created by: SmashleySue
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