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Skeletal

Pathology 2

QuestionAnswer
What form of spina bifida results in the protrusion of spinal cord and roots into a sac-like protrusion outside the skin? Myelomeningocele
What are the signs and symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter's disease? Pain in tibial tuberosity and soft tissue swelling.
What are the treatment options for Paget's disease? -Calcium therapy to decrease bone reabsorption -Braces for deformities -Radiation therapy if in 4th stage of progression -Anti-inflammatory drugs
What are the three types of osteoporosis? Generalized Regional Localized
What is the pathogenesis of Osgood-Schlatter's disease? Avulsed fragment evident at attachment site of pattellar ligament
What muscle's powerful force is the cause of Osgood-Schlatter's disease? Quadriceps muscle
What is a noted treatment option for kyphosis? Kyphoplasty
What are the signs and symptoms of Osteochondritis Dissecans? joint effusion clicking locking tenderness
What is the pathogenesis of osteochondritis dissecans? -dominant in males -occurs during age 11-20 yrs -small necrotic fragments of subchondral bone
What is the treatment for legg-perthes disease? somewhat reversible with non-weight bearing treatment
What is the method used to evaluate the degree of curvature of a scoliotic spine? Cobb Method
What are the 4 anatomical areas where legg-perthes disease is assessed? -femoral head -epiphyseal area -femoral neck -greater trochanter
What is the radiographic appearance of the femoral neck in a legg-perthes patient? -widened and decreased length
How many blood supplies does the mature femoral head have? 3
during what age range does the femoral head only have one blood supply? 5-7 * The importance of this fact is that only 1 of the femoral head’s 3 blood supplies is developed fully by this age range, if it is obstructed from forming properly, avascular necrosis will occur (legg-perthes).
Trident hand is a radiographic sign of what congenital pathology? Achondroplasia
What occurs in the revascularization stage of legg-perthes disease? -return of blood supply -flattened small epiphysis -wide short femoral neck
Benign fluid-containing lesion which can affect all the skeleton bones Bone cyst
Aggressive malignant neoplasm raising the periosteum from the cortex and laying down spicules of new bone Osteosarcoma
Diseased plasma cells invade the marrow and replace the red blood cells Multiple myeloma
When primary cancer cells break off and travel via the lymphatic or circulatory system to another body area Secondary tumors
Metabolic disease caused by a lack of Vitamin D or by a lack of sunlight Rickets
Overall demineralization of bone due to calcium reduction in the bones Osteoporosis
Spinal deformity due to the effects of osteoporosis Kyphosis
Genetic disorder resulting in the epiphyseal plates fusing prematurely in the skull and long bones Achondroplasia
Joint laxity at the hip developing due to a child's position in the womb Congenital hip dysplasia
A metabolic disease where Normal bone is absorbed and replaced by lucent patchy bone Paget's disease
Congenital disorder in which a portion of the spinal canal contents protrude due developmental failure of the neural arch to close Spina Bifida
Lateral deviation of the spine resulting in abnormal spinal curvature Scoliosis
Herniation of the nucleus pulposus into the spinal canal or degeneration of the disc due to the aging process Intervertebral disc disease
What is the forward dislocation of one vertebrae over the one beneath it, producing pressure on spinal nerves? Spondylolithesis
What is a defect in the pars interarticularis of the vertebral arch? Spondylolysis
Degeneration of the bones and discs in the spine is termed? Spondylosis
Created by: CNC MRAD