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Landmarks & Location

Important landmarks and location

Xiphoid process T9, T10
Midway between Xiphoid and lower rib margin T12
Inferior costal margin L2, L3
lliac crest L4, L5
Greater trochanter Coccyx, pubic symphysis
For non-contrast studies(both visceral&bony anatomy should be seen); low subject conrast, long scale preferred 70-80kVp
For iodine studies(IVU); high contrast preferred 69-70 kVp
For barium studies of alimentary canal(esophagus, UGI,SBS,BE); high contrast preferred 95-120 kVp
Acute series used to evaluate(examples) 1.bowel obstructions 2.perforations in the alimentary canal 3.ascities 4.pneumoperitoneum(free air)
An erect abdomen is used to demonstrate: 1.free air under diaphragm(high KUB)2.air/fluid levels within bowel 3.visceroptosis
Created by: dawn2000