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humanities I PBA


in jewish and early christian thought, the expectation and hope of the coming of God and his final judgement;also closely identified with the last book of the new testament, revelation apocalypse
meaning “in defense of in greek. Christian writers who differentiated between christianity,judaism, and pagan philosophies, and who discussed ways in which christians would be good citizens of the roman empire. apologists
in greek meaning “calmness”; in hellenistic philosophy,the state of desiring nothing. ataraxia
meaning “self-sufficiant’, in Hellenistic thought, the state of being isolated and free from the demands of society. autarky
a set of principles or rules that are accepted as true and authoritive for various arts or fields of study; canon
a humorous play that focuses on the way people in a particular social group or class interact with one another,especially regarding fashions and manners. comedy of manners
the third greek architectural order, in which temple columns are slender and fluted, sit on a base,and have capitals shaped like inverted bells and decorated with carvings represent the leaves of the acanthus bush; corinthian
from greek,cosmos, “world” and polis “city”; a citizen of the world, that is,and urban dweller with a universal or world view cosmopolitan
in judaism or christianity, a solemn and binding agreement or contract between God and His followers. covenant
a hellenistic philosophy that denounced society and its institutions as artificial and called on the individual to strive for autarky. cynicism
from greek meaning “to scatter”; the dispersion of the jews from their homeland in ancient palestine, a process that began with the babylonian captivity in the sixth century BCE and continued over the centuries. diaspora
a hellenistic philosophy,founded by epicurus and later expounded by the roman lucretius, that made its highest goals the development of the mind and an existence fre from the demands of everyday life. epicureanism
the concern with final events or the end of the world, a belief popular in jewish and early christian communities and linked to the concept of the coming messiah. eschatology
a term generally used for those who preach the christian religion; more specifically, the four evangelists,matthew,mark,luke and john who wrote about Jesus Christ soon after His death in the first four books of the New Testament. evangelists
in art, a scene or a person from everyday life,depicted realisitically and without religious or symbolic significance. genre subject
the first four books of the new testament, which record the life and sayings of Jesus Christ; the world itself, from old english means “good news” or “good tales”/ gospels
relating to the time period from about 323 to 31 BCE, when greek and later roman and oriental or middle eastern cultures and institutions intermingled to create a heterogeneous and cosmopolitan civilization. Hellenistic
a relatively short poem that focuses on events and themes of everyday life such as family,love,and religion;popular during hellenistic period and a standard form that has been periodically revived in western literature throughout centuries. idyll
a colloquial greek language spoken in hellenistic world that helped tie together that civilization. koine
a rite or ritual,such as prayers or ceremonies, practiced by a religious group in public worship. liturgy
on stoicism, the name for the supreme being or for the reason the controlling principle of the universe--believed to present both in nature and in each human being. logos
a hebrew word meaning “the annointed one” or one chosen by God to be his representative on earth; in judaism, a savior will come bringing peace and justive; in christianity, Jesus Christ. messiah
from greek ,monos,meaning “single,alone” and the greek theos, “god”; the belief that there is only one God. monotheism
An artistic movement in the hellenistic world. neoclassicism
the style of comedy favored by hellenistic playwrights,concentrating on gentle satirical themes--in particular,romantic plots with stock characters and predictable endings. new comedy
a writing surface,prepared from calf,sheep, and goat skins, developed in ancient peramum.parchments supple surface allowed the storing of writing on both sides of a page and thus opened the door to the first books. parchment
a type of hellenistic poetry that idealized rural customs and farming, especially the simple life of shepherds, and deprecated urban living. pastoral
in architecture, a low wall serving as a foundation; a platform. podium
from the greek meaning “fleshing eating stone” a marble or stone coffin or tomb, usually decorated with carvings, used first by romans and later by christians for burial of the dead. sarcophagi
the sacred writings of any religion,as the bible in judaism and christianity. scripture
a hellenistic philosophy that questioned whether anything could be known for certain, argued that all beliefs were relatives, and concluded that autarky could be acheived only be recognizing that inquiry was fruitless. skepticism
the most popular hellenistic philosophy, advocating a restrained way of life, a toleration for others, a resignation stoicism
the attempted reconciliation or union of different or opposing principles, practices, or parties, as in philosophy or religion. syncretism
the field of study and analysis that treats of God and of God's attributes and relations to the universe; study ofdivine things or religious truth; divinity. theology
Created by: whitbcm