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Psychology ch. 7

Psychology exam ch. 5,6,7,8

QuestionAnswer
Ability to store and use information Memory
What are the three types of memory? Sensory, short-term, and long-term
Type of memory that holds information in its original sensory form for a brief period of time Sensory Memory
Brief visual record Iconic Memory
Short-term retention of sounds Echoic memory
Also known as working memory, happens if we take in sensory memory and attend to it Short-term memory
Breaking down a list of items into smaller sets Chunking
Component of short-term memory that decides where to focus attention and takes in info Central Executive
Component of short-term memory that stores sound info Phonological loop
Component of short-term memory that stores visual info Visuospatial sketch pad
Component of short-term memory that stores specific events or experience Episodic Buffer
Pay attention to info Attending
Store info Storing
Repeatedly practice or recite info Rehearsing
Effect when you remember items at beginning of list Primacy effect
Effect when you remember items at end of list Recency effect
Part of memory that has the capacity to store a vast amount of info for as little as 30 seconds to a lifetime Long-term memory
Non-declarative memory, knowledge based on previous experience, such as skills that we perform automatically once we have mastered them; "knowing how" (walking, tying shoes, reading) Implicit Memory
Declarative memory, knowledge that consists of facts, experiences and events; "knowing that" Explicit Memory
Made up of implicit memory; knowledge for learned behavior or skill Procedural memory
Made up of implicit memory; occurs when recall is improved by prior exposure to similar stimuli Priming
Form of memory that recalls facts and general knowledge Semantic Memory
Memory for personal experiences and events Episodic Memory
Memory for things in the past Retrospective Memory
Memory for things in the future Prospective Memory
Stage in long-term memory in which the brain attends to, receives, and processes new information Encoding
Encoding of information that occurs with little effort or conscious attention to the task Automatic Processing
Encoding of information that occurs with careful attention and conscious effort Effortful processing
A method devised to help remember information, such as a rhyme or acronym Mnemonic Device
Stage in short-term memory in which the brain establishes and solidifies memory Consolidation
the retention of memory over time, third stage of long-term memory Storage
A way of organizing related pieces of information from the most specific feature they have in common to the most general Hierarchies
Mental frameworks that develop from our experiences with particular objects or events Schemas
A chain of associations between related concepts Associative Network
Fourth stage of Long-term memory; recovery of information stored in memory Retrieval
Part of brain where vision occurs Occipital lobes
Part of brain where hearing occurs Temporal lobes
Part of brain where touch occurs Parietal lobes
Part of brain in which plays an important role in attention Prefrontal Cortex
Part of brain that converts short-term memory to long-term memory Hippocampus
Happens when other info interferes with information we are trying to recall Interference
New information increases forgetting of old info Retroactive Interference
Old information increases forgetting of new information Proactive interference
The weakening/loss of memories over time Forgetting
Lack of repetition leads to memory getting weaker Decay
form of forgetfulness caused by divided attention Absent-mindedness
The inability to retrieve some information once it is stored Blocking
The unconscious act of keeping threatening thoughts, feelings, or impulses out of consciousness Repression
A memory from a real event that was encoded, stored, but not retrieved for a long period of time until a later event brings it to consciousness Recovered memory
The belief that memory came from one source when it really came from another Misattribution
When we selectively recall past events to fit our current beliefs Consistency bias
The repeated recall of pleasant or unpleasant experiences Persistence
Distorted memory based on leading questions or comments Suggestibility
Memories for events that never happened, but were suggested by some one or something False memories
Neurodegenerative brain disease, hallmark symptom is memory loss Alzheimer's disease
Memory loss due to brain injury or disease Amnesia
Can't remember events or experiences that happened AFTER the injury/disease Anterograde
Can't remember events or experiences that happened BEFORE the injury/disease Retrograde
Created by: shanncruz