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PT 101 Terminology3

Terminology 3 week 5

Admixture Is a substance produced by mixing two or more substances.
Aerosol Is a medication dosage form that contains a gaseous substance consisting of fine liquid or soild particles.
Amphetamines Substances that are frequently abused as a stimulant medication: they can be used to treat the medical conditions of narcolepsy and eating disorders.
Anticholinergic Refers to a substance that inhibits hypertesecretion an G.I motility.
Antiemetic Relieves nausea and vomiting.
Antispasmodic Relieves stomach muscle spasms.
Arrhythmia Is a irregual heartbeat.
Arteriosclerosis Is a condition characterized by thickening and hardening of the arteries.
Benzodiazepine Is a substance used to treat anxiety disorders.
Compound Refers to substances made from a combination of two or more substances.
Congestion Heart Failure (CHF) Is a potentially fatal condition of the cardiovascular system wherein tha heart has lost it's ability to pump blood in and out.
Corticosteroids Are substances used to prevent minor asthma attacks or to treat severe attacks.
Dementia Is a disease characterized by progressive memory loss as well as learnig and thinking disorders; often leads to Alzheimer's disease.
Edema Refers to the abnormal swelling of the body, caused by an increasing build-up of fluids in tissues and organs.
Effervescent Tablet Is a tablet that is dissolved into liquid before administration.
Electrolytes Are salts that the body requires in its fluids that are essential in nerve, mucle, and heart functions.
Emphysema Is an irreversible disease in which there has been severe damage to the alveoli (tiny air sacs) in the lungs, resulting in a decrease in the exchange of gases; symptoms are wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and difficulty in breathing.
Emulsion Is a liquid dosage form of a mixture of two products that normally do not mix together.
Half-life Defines the amount of time it take for half of a substance to be broken down in the body and excreted.
Hemorrhage Refers to severe, uncontrollable bledding (can be external or internal)
Histamine (H2) Blocker Reduces acid secretion by blocking histamine from reaching the H2 receptor.
Homeostasis A relative constancy in the internal enviroment of the body, naturally maintained by adaptive responses that promote healthy survival.
Hyperlipidemia Refers to high cholesterol.
Hypnotic Refers to a substances that relaxes the central nervous system to produce sleep.
Inactive Ingredients Are the remaining ingredients, other that the active ingredients, that are found in a drug; used to flavor, digest, color, and bind the whole substance.
Inflammation Is a redness, swelling, pain, or heat in the body tissue(s) caused by physical injury, infection, or irritation.
Liniment Are medications that are applied to the skin with friction and rubbing. Liniments can be solutions, suspensions, or emulsions.
Metabolism Is defined as the physical and chemical processes of the body that convert consumed food into energy for use by the tissues and organs.
Muscle Relaxant Are used to treat involuntary, painful contraction of muscle by slowing the passage of nerve signals that cause pain to the muscles.
Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Agents Are substances that inhibit the production of the enzymes necessary for the synthesis of prostaglandis, reducing pain and inflammation.
Otic The administration of medication into the ear.
Parenteral The administration of medication by any other route than oral: Administration by injection.
Pathogen Is a microorganism (bacteria or virus) that caused disease
Proton Pump Inhibitors Are substances that reduces gastric acid build-up by blocking the release of protons by proton pumps.
Solution Is a liquid dosage form in which the medication is completely dissolved in a liquid.
Stimulant Are a class of medications that are intended to increase alertness and physical activity.
Systemic Refers to the whole body.
Tolerance In the condition in which the body has become unresponsive to a substance after prolonged exposure.
Lotion Is a liquid dosage form that contains a powdered substances in a suspension, used externally to soothe, cool, dry, and protect.
Osteoporosis Is a medical disease characterized by a loss in total bone density, it can be the result of calcium deficiency, menopause, certain endocrine, advanced age, medications, or by other risk factors.
Created by: isacruz



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