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Intro to Rad. Scienc

Chapter 24 Medical Law and Practice Standards

Protects individual rights Constitutional Law
Law enacted by federal, state or local legislators. ex. CARE bill. Statutory Law
Administrative laws passed by legislation but issued and enforced by admin body. ex. IEMA Administrative Law
Derived from Common Law of England decided on a case by case basis by judge or jury. Case or Civil Law
Murder or manslaughter. Rare against H.C workers Felony
Criminal negligence, failure to report injury or illness, fraudulent business activities, failure to provide emergency services Misdemeanors
Most common involving claims against health care workers Tort law
Clinical Standard 1 Assessment-Gather information
Clinical Standard 2 Analysis/Dtermination
Clinical Standard 3 Patient Education
Clinical Standard 4 Performance
Clinical Standard 5 Evaluation
Clinical Standard 6 Implementation
Clinical Standard 7 Outcome measures
Clinical Standard 8 Documention
Set parameters, fed and state regulations, job discriptions, curriculum, professional customs. Practice Standards
an act that causes a person to fear they will be touched in an offensive, insulting, or physically injurious manner with out consent. Assult
Act of harmful or unwarranted or unconsented contact with a person with out consent. Touching with out permission Battery
Illegal detention of a person without consent False imprisonment
Covering up errors in the care of a patient Fraud
Invasion of a persons reputation and good name, includes slander and libel. Defoamation of Charactor
Harmful spoken words about a person Slander
Written or published comments negative about a person Libel
Violating a persons right to protection against unreasonable and unwarrented interference. breech of confidentiality. Invasion of privacy
Failure to use such care as a reasonably prudent health care professional would. Medical Negligence
1. duty to the patient-duty is owed 2. breach of this duty-failure to perform 3. compensable injury-harm with results 4. relationship between injury and breach of duty 4 elements of malpractice
Not needed in emergency situation Consent
showing up, getting on the table, walking up to wall bucky, doesnt require knowledge of procedure. Consent
Required when patient is subject to any type of invasive procedure. Informed Consent
Must consist of procedure, benefits, risks, alternatives, and in the patients language. Informed Consent
To be able to give informed consent a patient must Be of legal age, competent, sign voluntarly, and give a signature.
Exams that require informed consent: Myelograms, MRI injections, Athrograms, IVU, Arteriograms, CT injections, Biopsies and drainages.
Created by: mpearce210