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TVAP vocab-midterm

Pre-production scripts, mapping out, storyboard, casting, location (90%)
Production time of recording
Post-Production editing
Program treatment general overview
Target audience appeal factor
Single-column script narrative (dramas, comedy)
Two-column script audio on one side and video on the other
Program rundown overview of program
Program information sheet (breakdown sheet) analysis of scripts and all production elements in order of schedule
Floor plan layout of props, set, cameras, and talent
Lighting plot overview of set where lights go
Storyboard series of rough sketches that help visualize and organize camera treatment (director develops)
Shot sheet (shot list) each shot needed from camera operators
Crew list all crew members list
Executive producer (EP) funds the project; not much direct influence; organization and administration of production group; controls/coordinates business management; negotiating rights; program budget; who is hired
Producer oversees/manage the project; keep schedule/budget; choice of staff/crew; interdepartmental coordination; script acceptance; production scheduling; work with writers; select program concepts; meeting deadlines; production planning; rehearsals; treatments
Associate producer help cast; coordinate scripting/appointments; assist producer; production schedules; complete contracts; booking guests; creating packages; supervising post-production
Writer writes dialogue/script
Director visual interpretor of script; advising, guiding, coordinating production team; approve treatments; choose/hire talent; direct/ rehearse talent in pre rehearsals; guides/cues talent through FD
Associate director (AD) right hand of director; supervising pre rehearsals; location organization; in control room; line shots, graphics, tapes; give/check cues; check timing of program; help with post-production
Technical director (TD) operates switcher/switch board; crew chief
Lighting director (LD) direct lights; designs/develops lighting plot; design/arrange/control all lighting treatment
Floor director (stage manager) responsible for floor/studio; director's contact on floor, booth, in field; cue performers; direct the floor crew; studio organization, safety, discipline, security
Camera operator operates camera
A-1 (audio 1/audio mixer/audio engineer) responsible for overall audio broadcast; technical and artistic quality of sound; determine number/placement of mics; audio cables plugged into mixer; final mix of production
A-2 (audio 2/audio assistant) position mics; run audio cables; operate boom; troubleshooting audio problems; operate field equipment
Engineer maintain all equipment
VTR operator record program; play prerecorded packages; replays
Graphics (still store vs chyron) operator anchors name on screen; implements graphics during production; organizing/typing onscreen text and titles S- recall for later C- on air
Production assistant (PA) help producer/director; supervising production office; make coffee; run errands; make copies; pre rehearsals; location organizing; take notes in production meetings
Talent people who appear/heard on screen; actors; anchors; reporters
The image gathering process lens gather light
3 primary colors of television red, green, blue
CCD & CMOS charge coupled device; complementary metal oxide semiconductor
Standard definition (SD) screen aspect ratio 4:3
Standard definition (SD) screen resolution 720x480
High definition (HD) screen aspect ratio 16:9
High definition (HD) screen resolution 1280x720
Interlace scanning 2 fields for every 1 frame; odd numbered lines first and then paints even lines
Progressive scanning paints all lines at once
Fields & frames 2 fields for 1 frame
Zoom lens has variable focal length
Focus adjust lens for sharpest image
Tilt camera moves up or down
Pan camera pivots left or right on mount
Dolly move whole camera and mount on mount
Truck camera and mount move left or right
Pedestal (ped) raise camera
Arc camera moves around subject in circle/horseshoe
Jib/crane arm fits on tripod and allows camera to move up or down
Shot types CU- close up; emphasis on face MS- medium shot; frames subject from waist up WS- wide shot; establishing shot
Headroom space from top of head to upper frame
Noseroom space from face and edge of frame
Leadroom space from front of/direction of moving subject
Rule of thirds guide/help compose picture
Over the shoulder shot (OTS) reverse shot including portion of head/shoulder
Depth of field range of focal length
Focal length distance from lens optical center to image sensor
Field of view area that is visible through optical instrument
Iris/lens aperture adjustable diaphragm of lens
F-stop light allowed through lens
Tally lights light on camera that shows which is recording
Chip chart grayscale chart at beginning of every shot to correct colors during editing
White balance calibration of camera so light will be accurately white
Fresnel fixture universal hard spotlight; most used
Ellipsoidal fixture sharply focused hard spotlight
Scoop fixture light spread uncontrollably; inexpensive; soft/flood light
Open lamp fixture spot/flood; portable and compact
Broad lamp fixture short trough with light reflector; soft; wide angle; light weight
Quartz lamp tungsten halogen
Florescent lamp sealed gas filled tube with phosphor-coated inner surface
Incandescent lamp tungsten; filament; cheap and reliable
Gel colored flexible plastic filters to adjust color of lights; over light
Barndoors adjustable flaps on frame; cut off light beams/restrict light
Cookie perforated opaque/translucent sheet; creates shadows/breakup light/patterns
Screen protects electromagnetic interference
Softlight illumination uncontrolled; lamp reflected off back of lighting instrument
Hardlight sharp edged shadows; key light
Spot vs flood S- illuminate spot F- flood area with light
Baselight minimal amount of light that allows the camera to see the subject
Background light light illuminating the background alone
Effects light project patterns; spotlights
Key light main source of light
Fill light soften and control key shadows
Back light separates subject form background
3 point lighting dramas and interviews; directional and diffused
Silhouette outline visible against lighter background
Kelvin (K) temperature color hue/temperature
Footcandle measure of intensity
Lighting grid all lights connected to grid on ceiling
Twist-lock connector twist action to lock connector together
Edison connector parallel blade plug
C clamp hold lights; secure lamps
Safety chain chain on light to secure to grid
Lighting (dimmer) board adjust/control all lights and intensity
Scrim heat proof cloth to diffuse light; substitute-dryer sheets
Cyclorama (cyc) illuminate backgrounds with broad light
Dynamic rugged, good quality sound; low maintenance
Condensor high audio quality; battery/power source
Ribbon desk/voice over; cardioid
Omni-directional wide pickup pattern; all directions
Bi-directional 2 different directions; front and back
Unidirectional sensitive to sounds directly in front
Cardioid 1 directional; vocal/news; handheld
Super-cardioid narrow pick-up pattern
Hyper-cardioid shotgun
Lavalier mic interviews; actors; refs; cardioid and condenser
Hand held mic interviews; singers; commentators; cardioid or omni
Boom mic mic above head
Wireless mic lavalier and handheld
Pressure zone mic (PZM) low profile to capture audio from ceiling or floor; cardioid
Hanging mic orchestra and choirs; high quality sound
XLR connectors plugs and sockets; electrical connector design
Phone 1/4" connectors audio connectors; audiojack
Impedance resistance of electrical circuit to alternating current
Balanced vs unbalanced B-send audio protects from interference; 3 conductors for 1 signal U- 2 lines transmit signal
Decibels (dB) measure intensity of sound
VU meters volume unit; % modulation
Volume vs gain V- degree of sound/loudness G- voltage/ power increase
Distortion alternation of original shape
Feedback squeal from loudspeaker by re-entry of loudspeaker sound into mic
Foldback intentional playback of audio cues to studio floor
IFB (interruptible foldback) broadcasting/motion picture production- cueing, communication (crew), audio monitoring
Zero tone (1K tone) standard frequency to calibrate audio
Segue uninterrupted transition from 1 piece to another
Crossfade gradual increase/decrease of signal levels
Video switcher video signals switch with sources and audio; switch camera to camera
MLE (multilayer effect) effects on green screen/chromakey
Program bus on air
Preview (preset) bus about to go on air
Key key in
DSK (downstream key) graphic overlay of regular video on tv
DVE (digital video effect) transitions from 1 scene to another
Cut instantaneous switch from 1 shot to next
Dissolve gradual transition between 2 images
Fade dissolve between black and video images
Wipe special effect transition between 2 images
Upcut turn on mic after anchor began speaking/before stopped talking
Downcut turn off mic after talking
Still store recall for later
Chyron on air
VTR (video tape recorder) records program; replays
Teleprompter computer generated text on reflective glass over lens of camera
Color bars & 1K tone (bars and tone) c-reference pattern for matching the video output of multiple cameras t- balance
Created by: deleted user
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