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human geography chapter 10

demography the study of population numbers, distribution, trends, and issues
developed country a country with a highly developed economy and infrastructure snf high living standards.
birth rate the number of births per 100 people in a country in a given year.
death rate the number of deaths per 1000 people in a country in a given year.
immigration rate the number of new arrivals in a country in a given year per 1000 people
emigration rate the numver of people leaving a country in a given year per 100 people
natural in crease (NI) the rate at which a population increases (or decreases) in a year expressed as a percentage of the total population; calculated by substracting the death rate from birth rate.
exponential rate a rapid rate of population growth as each generation doubles in size
rule of 70 the time it takes a country to double its population, approximately 70 divided by the country's growth rate
doubling time the number of years it takes a country to double it's population at its current growth rate
net migration the diffrence between the number of people immigrating to a country and the number of people emigrating
migrant a person who moves from one region to another
census the process of collecting, compiling, and publishing demographic, economic, and social data about all people living in a particular area
population growth rate the rate at which a country's population increases or decreases; calculated by adding natural increase and net migration
life expectancy the average number of years an individual is expected to live
demography transition model a model that shows changes in a population's birth and death rates and growth based on technological development
industrialization the overall change in a society from a farm production and craftsmanship to mechanized manufacturing production
urbanization the move of people from farms to cities where jobs are available
mortality deaths in a population
population pyramid a bar graph that shows male and female population back to back at age intervals of five years
age cohort an age group in a population for ecampl the number of people betweenthe age of 10 and 14
dependency ratio the proportion of the population 9children and those over 65 years of age) that is being supported by the working age group
dependency load the percentage of a population that is younger than 15 or older than 64 years of age
neo-Malthusians people who share Malthus' pessimistic views regarding population growth
accredation recognition of meeting an official standard
carrying capacity the maximum number of people that canbe sustained by an environment
ecological footprint the impact of humans on the environment.
cornucopians people who have a optimistic few on population growth due to advances in science and technology
demographic regulation the theory that population growth will level off as living standards improve
population distribution the pattern of where people live in an area
ecumene the populated area of the world
population density the number of people living in a given area; calculate by dividing the population by it's area
nutritional density a measure of how much nutrition in calories can be produced from a certain area
Created by: groots