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Chapter 1Parenting

Child development Learning about children

Child-centered society a society that sees children as important and works for their good
socialize to train a child to live as part as a group
culture the way of life within a group
character an inward force that guides a person's conduct
development the gradual process of growth though many stages
child development the scientific study of children from conception to age 12
Individual life cycle description of the stages of change throughout life
heredity the sum of all the traits that are passed down from blood relatives
environment the sum of the conditions and situations that affect a child's growth and development
genes sections of the DNA molecule found in a person's cells that determine the individual traits the person will have
genetics the study of the factors involved in the passing of traits from one generation of living beings to the next
Neurons brain cells that send and receive electrical impulses
wiring network of fibers that carry signals in the brain
axons long, thick cables that transmit the signals from one neuron to the next
dendrites short, bushy cables that allow each neuron to receive signals from the other
synapse a tiny gap between dendrites
pruning the process of weeding out underused and weak connections between neurons
window of opportunity a period in a child's life for developing a particular skill
plasticity the ability of the brain to be shaped and reshaped
developmental acceleration when a child act performs like an older child
developmental delay when a child performs like a younger child
principles of growth and development statements of general patterns in which growth and development take place in people
sequenced steps steps in growth and development that follow one another in a set order
teachable moment a time when a person can learn a new task because the body is physically ready
developmental tasks skills that should be mastered at a certain stage in life
Created by: 1326062815