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WGU RFC 1 ch 3

Summary of Chapter 3

The review of related literature involves systematically identifying, locating, analyzing documents pertaining to the research topic
Major purpose of reviewing the literature to identify information that already exists about your topic
Literature review can point out research strategies, procedures, and instruments that have & have not been found to be productive in investigating your topic
A small well organized review is preferred to a review containing many studies that are less related to the problem
Heavily researched areas usually provide enough references directly related to a topic to eliminate the need for reporting less related or secondary studies.
Little researched topics usually require review of any study related in some meaningful way so that the researcher may develop a logical framework and rationale for the study
Qualitative researchers are more likely to construct their review after starting their study
Quantitative researchers more likely to construct the review prior to starting their study
Qualitative research review of related literature may demonstrate the underlying assumptions behind the research questions, convince proposal reviews that the researcher is knowledgeable about intellectual traditions
Qualitative research review of related literature provide the researcher with an opportunity to identify any gaps in the body of literature and how the proposed study may contribute to the existing body of knowledge, & help the qualitative researcher to refine research questions.
Most sources have alphabetical subject indexes to help you locate information on your topic
Keywords should guide your literature search
Good way to start a review of relate literature is with a narrow search of pertinent educational encyclopedias, handbooks, & annual reviews found in libraries.
These resources provide broad overviews of issues in various subject areas.
An article or report written by the person who conducted the study primary source
A brief description of a study written by someone other than the original researcher secondary source
Primary sources are preferred in the review.
Most libraries use an electronic catalog system that indexes all sources, by author, titles, and subject
Keyword search uses terms or phrases pertinent to your topic to search for and identify potentially useful sources.
Keyword searches can be focused by using the Boolean operators AND, OR, and NOT.
Using AND or NOT narrows a search and reduces the number of sources identified
Using OR broadens the search and increases the number of sources.
Narrow search often best to start with
Computer databases can facilitate the identification of relevant primary sources
Most used databases ERIC, Education Index, PsycINFO, (Psychological Abstracts), and Dissertation Abstracts
ERIC world's largest database on education and is used by more than 500,000 people each year
Available resources on the World Wide Web almost limitless, best way to become familiar with its use is to "surf" in your spare time.
The Web contains a variety of sites relevant to an educational researcher
Addresses containing ed or ending in .edu are related to educational institutions, those ending in.com are related to commercial enterprises, those ending in .org refer to organizations (including professional organizations), those ending in .gov link to government site
It is important to evaluate all literature sources by asking What was the problem statement of the study? Who was studied? Where was the source published? When was the study conducted? And how was the study conducted?
Abstracting involves creating summaries by locating, reviewing, summarizing, and classifying your references
Main advantage of beginning with the latest references on your topic the most recent studies are likely have profited from previous research
References in recent studies often contain references to previous studies you have not yet identified
For each source work, list complete bibliographic record, including author's name, date of publication, title, journal name or book title, volume, issue number, page numbers, and library call number
For each source work, briefly list main ideas, put quotation marks around quotes taken from the source and include page numbers. Keep all references in the format required for research reports or dissertations
Technical writing requires documenting facts & substantiating opinions, clarifying definitions & using them consistently, using an accepted style manual, and starting sections with an introduction and ending them with a brief summary
Meta analysis statistical approach to summarizing the results of many quantitative studies addressing the same topic
Meta analysis provides a numerical way of expressing the composite result of the studies
Central characteristic of meta analysis it is as inclusive as possible
Effect size is a numerical way of expressing the strength or magnitude of a reported relation
meta analysis an effect size is computed for each study and then the individual effect sizes are averaged
Created by: Xyrarose