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Exam 5

Pharmacology PHCC Mark Exam 5 Stack

QuestionAnswer
Infertility means: The inability to produce offspring
Medications used to treat infertility are called: fertility drugs
ART stands for: Assisted Reproductive Technologies
Fertility drugs act by: blocking estrogen receptors on the ovaries causing the ovaries to signal the pituitary gland to secrete LH (luteinizing hormone) and FSH (folicle stimulating hormone)
Fertility drugs include: on test Repronex, Profasi or Pregnyl AKA human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
Medication to treat premature labor on test terbutaline
Medication to induce labor: by causing the uterus to contract on test oxytocin aka Pitocin (pit drip)
Medications to treat postpartum bleeding include: by causing the uterus to contract Ergotrate, & Methergine
Contraception means against conception (fertilization)
Oral medications designed to interfere with conception are called: OCP (oral contraceptive pills) or BCP's (Birth Contorl Pills) "the pill"
OCP's are commonly a combination of: estrogen and progestin (hormones)
OCP's include: 1.YAZ, YASMIN 28, and Beyaz. 2,Trinessa 3.Loestrin 24 Fe, 4.Ocella 5.Aviane 6.Kariva 7.Ortho Tri-Cyclen Lo 8.Ortho-Novum 9.Ovcon 10.Seasonique (levonorgestrel)
OCP's containing 50ug of estrogen has been linked with a higher incidence of: Lupus erythematosis. OCP's containing 30mcg of estrogen do not exhibit the risk.
Antagonists to OCP's include: antibiotics and St.John's Wort
Once a month vaginally inserted estrogen and progestin contraceptive that is left in for 3 weeks every month is called: NuvaRing
Progestin only contraceptives include: 1.Depo-Sub Q Provera (q 3 months) 2.Ovrette (OCP) 3.Progestasert (1 year IUD) 4.Mirena (5 year IUD)
IUD: Intrauterine Device
Progestin only contraceptives are: slightly less effective in preventing pregnancy.
To be effective progestin only OCP's must be taken: everyday and at the same time each day.
Paragard is a: Copper Cu based contraceptive IUD
Paragard prompts the release of: WBC's and prostaglandins from the endometrium (innerlining of the uterus) These WBC's and prostaglandins are hostile towards spermatozoa and ova. Paragard is also an emergency contraceptive if inserted within 3-5 days aftr unprotected intercourse.
Leukocytes (WBCs) and prostagladins are hostile towards: spermatozoa and ova
Paragard is an emergency contraceptive if inserted within: 3-5 days after unprotected intercourse. (coitus or copulation)
Menopause is: cessation of menstruation due to hormone insufficiency. (estrogen)
Signs and symptoms associated with menopause: 1.Dyspareunia (painful intercourse) 2.Hot Flashes 3.Mood Swings 4.Insomnia 5.Fatique 6.Xeroderma (dry skin)
Medications commonly prescribed to relieve the signs and symptoms of menopause are called: ERT (estrogen replacement therapy) or HRT (hormone replacement therapy)
Diseases associated with menopause include: 1.OP (osteoporosis) 2.AD (alzheimers disease) 3.Macular Degeneration (loss of vision) 4.Tooth Loss
ERT or HRT includes: on test Premarin, Prempro or FemHRT
Adverse effects of OCP's and ERT include: Thrombus formation which increases risk of MI or CVA, especially in smokers over age 35 & Increased risk of breast malignancy. (Progestin only contraceptives do not increase the risk of thrombus formation.
Medication prescribed to induce an abortion: Mifeprex
Oral medications prescribed after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy include: Preven (estrogen and progestin) and Plan B (progestin) These are commonly known as the "morning after pill"
A medication used to prevent seizures associated with exlampsia (toxemia) is: magnesium sulfate (mag) (MgSO4)
The second child of a Rh+ father and a Rh- mother can be afflicted en utero with a condition called: EF (erythroblastosis fetalis) AKA Rh incompatability disease. (Rh- mother's immune system percieves a Rh+ fetus as foreign and produces antibodies to attack it.
Medication prescribed to prevent EF (erythroblastosis fatalis) is called: RhoGAM
Medications contraindicated during breast feeding include: on test ASA, antitussives containing ETOH (alcohol), and Antihistimines except non-drowsey Claritin or Alavert (loratiadine)
PMS (premenstrual syndrome) is: a group of symptoms that start 1-2 weeks before menstruation (menses) and usually cease with the onset of menses (menstruation)
Signs and symptoms of PMS include: Dysmenorrhea (painful menses), Breast Tenderness, Fluid Retention (bloating), Mood Changes
Medications to treat PMS include: on test Midol, Pamprin & Premsyn
PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder) is: a severe form of PMS
PMDD (premenstrual dysphoric disorder signs and symptoms include: Depression, Anxiety & Sleep Disturbances. These are severe enough to interfere with work, social activities and relationships.
Medicaions used to treat PMDD include: on test Xanax (sedative), Zoloft (anti-depressant) and YAZ. YAZ is also used to treat chronic acne.
The primary thyroid hormone is called: thyroxine AKA T3 and T4
A synthetic GH (growth hormone) is called: somatropin AKA Humatrope
A synthetic ADH (antidiuretic hormone) is called: vasopressin AKA Pitressin
Corticosteroids are powerful: SAIDs
SAIDs include: 1.cortisone 2.dexamethasone aka Decadron 3.hydrocortisone aka Cortef 4.methylprednisolone aka Medrol 5.prednisone 6.Aristocort 7.Kenalog
Ergotrate Class Med to treat postpartum bleeding
Repronex class Fertility Drug
Profasi class Fertility Drug
Pregnyl Class Fertility Drug
Methergine class Med to treat postpartum bleeding
YAZ, YASMIN 28 Class OCP
Beyaz Class OCP
Loestrin 24 Fe class OCP
Ocella class OCP
Aviane Class OCP
Kariva Class OCP
Ortho Tri-Cyclen LO Class OCP
Ortho-Novum class OCP
Ovcon Class OCP
Seasonique Class OCP
Nuva Ring Class Once a month vaginally inserted estrogen & progestin contraceptive that is left in 3 weeks out of 4
Depo-Sub Q Provera Class Progestin only Contraceptive
Ovrette Class Progestin only Contraceptive
Mirena Class Progestin only Contraceptive
Midol Class Meds to treat PMS
Pamprin Class Meds to treat PMS
Premsyn Class Meds to treat PMS
Thyroxin is necessary to regulate: proper metabolisme
Metabolism is the rate at which the body: burns energy
Hyposecretion of thyroxine (low secretion)is called: myxedema
Medications to treat myxedema are called on ttest thyroid supplements
Thyrolar class thyroid supplement
Synthroid generic on test levothyroxine
levothyroxin class on test thyroid supplement
Synthroid class on test thyroid supplement
Levoxyl class on test thyroid supplement
cortisone class SAIDs
Decadron generic dexamethasone
dexamethasone class SAIDs
Decadron class SAIDs
Cortef generic hydrocortisone
Cortef Class SAIDs
hydrocortisone class SAIDs
Medrol Generic methylprednisolone
methylprednisolone class SAIDs
Medrol class SAIDs
prednisone class SAIDs
Aristocort Class SAIDs
Kenalog Class SAIDs
Adverse effects of prolonged SAID use include: HTN, Hypokalemia (potassium defeciency), Hypernatremia (excessive sodium) Hyperglycemia (excessive blood sugar), WT (weight) gain, Heart Disease, Psychosis
DM stands for: Diabetes Mellitus
DM (diabetes mellitus) is characterized by 1.The pancreas produces an insufficient amount of insulin. 2.The cells of the body have difficulty utilizing insulin (insulin resistant)
Insulin is necessary for the body to metabolize: glucose
glucose is the body's primary source of: energy
IDDM stands for on test insulin dependant diabetes mellitus AKA type I DM or juvenile onset DM
IDDM requires: daily subQ insulin injections
regular class insulin
Humulin class insulin
NPH class insulin
Lantus class insulin
Novolin class insulin
Novolog class insulin
Novolog Flexpen is a prefilled: 300 unit dial a dose disposable (1-60 unit) insulin injection delivery device
Insulin kept at a temperature between 36.0 and 86.0 F can remain stable and potent for: 28 days
insulin intended for future use should be refrigerated between: 36.0 and 46.0 degrees (do not freeze)
NIDDM stands for: on test Non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus AKA type II or adult (mature) onset DM
NIDDM is commonly treated with: Oral antidiabetic drugs
Oral antidiabetic drugs do what: stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin and assist cells in utilizing glucose.
Diabinese Class Oral antidiabetic drugs
glipizide class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Glucotrol class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Glucotrol generic glipizide
DiaBeta Class Oral antidiabetic drugs
glyburide class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Micronase class Oral antidiabetic drugs
DiaBeta generic glyburide
Micronase generic glyburide
Actos class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Orinase Class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Januvia Class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Glucovance Class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Onglyza class Oral antidiabetic drugs
Garamycin class opthalmic antibiotic
Vigamox class opthalmic antibiotic
Ilotycin class opthalmic antibiotic
Ilotycin generic erythromycin (for neonates)
erythromycin class opthalmic antibiotic
Glaucoma is caused by: increase in intraoccular pressure
Lumigan class on test Opthalmic med to treat glaucoma
Xalatan class on test Opthalmic med to treat glaucoma
Cosopt class on test Opthalmic med to treat glaucoma
Three meds to treat glaucoma include on test Lumigan, Xalatan, & Cosopt
atropine class on test med used to cause pupillary dilation
Pupillary dilation is called mydriasis (mydriatic)
Fluoracine class opthalmic dye and anestetic
Decongestant definition Medications that decrease the swelling of mucous membranes, alleviate nasal stuffiness and sinus congestion, allow secretions to drain, and help open the Eustachian tubes.
Decongestants include: pseudoephedrine aka Sudafed or Drixoral, Afrin
The risk of CVA increases by combining pseudoephedrine found in Sudafed and Drixoral with: Zoloft (antidepressant)
A side effect of decongestants is: HTN
Children under 6 years of ages should not be given ____________ unless directed by a physician: decongestants or antihistamines
Sudafed class decongestant
pseudoephedrine class decongestant
Drixoral Class: decongestant
Afrin Class decongestant
Sudafed generic pseudoephedrine
Drixoral generic pseudoephedrine
Allegens include: 1.Pollen 2.Ragweed 3.Animal Dander 4.Mold 5.Dust etc.
Signs & Symptoms of inflammatory response: 1.Edema 2. Erythema (redness) 3.Warmth 4.Pruritus (itching) These occur because the body is trying to bring more blood to the injured area in order to speed healing.
The chemical response for the imflammatory response is: histamine
Antihistimines include: 1.brompheniramine aka Lodrane 2.Zyrtec 3.chlorpheniramine aka Chlor-Trimeton 4.Tavist 5.Clarinex 6.diphenhydramine aka Benadryl 7.Allegra 8.loratadine aka Claritin or Alavert (these are non-drowsey)
Common ENT (ears nose an throat) corticosteroids include: 1.Rhiocort 2.Nasalide 3.Flonase 4.Nasonex 5.Nasacort 6.Omnaris
Rhino or na or nas in a drug usually refer to: ENT corticosteroids
Rhinocort class: ENT corticosteroids
Nasalide class: ENT corticosteroids
Flonase class: ENT corticosteroids
Nasocort class: ENT corticosteroids
Omnaris class: ENT corticosteroids
Codeine class: antitussive & Narcotic Analgesic
DM or dextromethorphan class antitussive
Benylin generic dextromethorphan
Robitussin generic dextromethorphan
Vicks generic dextromethorphan
Delsym generic dextromethorphan
Benylin class antitussive
Robitussin class antitussive
Vicks class antitussive
Delsym class antitussive
Medications used to reduce the viscosity of sputum so that patients may more easily expectorate it are called: expectorants
Common expextorant is guaifensin aka Robitussin or Mucinex
Candida albicans are also called monilia
Candida albicans cause vaginal yeast infections and thrush
antifungal medications to treat thrush include Mycelex, nystatin AKA Mycostatin or Nilstat
Antifungals may be supplied in the following forms for thrush: topical solution that is swish and swallowed, troche aka pastille aka lozenge
YAZ classifications on test OCP, med to treat PMDD, and severe acne
Created by: hilander62