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Ab Test 3 Part 1

Abnormal Psychology Test 3

QuestionAnswer
When talking about substance use: What is stronger influence in your social network? Social Selection or Social Influence? Social Selection is stronger. You have to select to be part of that group before they can influence you.
What happened to Preschoolers when they were given a sniffing test of alcohol? They were able to identify that it was alcohol because it was available in their house. Availability played a role in this identification.
What is another factor that could influence teens and preteens more than their peers in substance use? Advertising and Media
What substance is the greatest influence that the media can influence? Cigarettes and thus Nicotine
What will the category eating disorders now be called? Why is the name changing? Feeding and Eating Disorders Because they are including some of the childhood disorders that were in DSM-IV-TR, such as Pica and Rumination Disorder
True or False: Once a person is classified with the restricting type of anorexia they cannot have the binge eating/purging type. False, people can migrate between the two types of anorxia
What is the criteria that will most likely be removed from eating disorders, and especially anorexia in the new version of the DSM? Why? Amenorrhea, because some people do not experience this and there has not been found to be a difference in those who have amenorrhea and those who do not experience this.
What are the five traits of the personality dimension? Negative Affectivity Detatchement Antagonism Disinhibition Psychoticism
Which of the following traits would this statement fall into? I worry a lot about terrible things that might happen Negative Affectivity/Anxiousness
Which of the following traits would this statement fall into? I steer clear of romantic relationships Detachment/Intimacy avoidance
Which of the following traits would this statement fall into? I do things to make sure people notice me Antagonism/Attention Seeking
Which of the following traits would this statement fall into? I have no limits when it comes to doing dangerous things Disinhibition/Risk Taking
Which of the following traits would this statement fall into? Other people seem to think my behavior is weird Psychoticism/Eccentricity
What is the Axis of Personality Disorders? Axis I The research does not support separating them onto Axis II.
What axis was Personality Disorder on in DSM-IV-TR? Axis II.
To get a diagnosis of a personality disorder someone must possess ________ and _________. Someone must have distress and functional impairments in all aspects of their life. We all possess characteristics of these at some point in our life.
There is a _____ comorbidity within Personality Disorders high
What is one thing that can help with the comorbidity issue that we currently have with personality disorders? Rating them on a scale of severity as opposed to counting the number of symptoms that one has to say that someone has one disorder over another.
One of the things that the new DSM-5 wants to address is the short-term diagnosis instability. what does this mean? This says someone can have remission of a personality disorder over time. Rating them on scales and using the traits can help with this. If someone has negative affectivity then they should have this their entire life and not just a part of their life.
Why would treating the traits be better than treating the actual diagnosis? Treating the traits would be better because two people could have the same diagnosis but have different traits so we could treat the traits and then treat the disease at the same time.
What are the two types of impairments that are related to personality disorder diagnosis? Dysfunctionality of the self - what is your sense of identity Chronic interpersonal disturbances - difficulty in sustaining relationships
How could someone get the diagnosis of personality disorder not otherwise specified? they may not meet enough criteria to be diagnosed with a specific disorder their disorder that they were diagnosed with was removed in DSM-5
What is included in Cluster A (odd/eccentric) Schizotypal Schizoid Paranoid
What is included in Cluster B (dramatic/erratic) Antisocial Borderline Narcissistic Histrionic
What is included in Cluster C (anxious/fearful) Avoidant Obsession-Compulsion Dependant
The odd/eccentric personality disorders were classified by? thought to be on a continuum as schizophrenia
The dramatic/erratic personality disorders were classified by? impulsivity and instability of relationships
The anxious/fearful personality disorder were classified by? how overly anxious and fearful someone is in relation to others
The following characterizes what? unrealistic, incoherent goals, frequent misinterpretations of others' motivations and behaviors, marked impairments in developing close relationships Schizotypal
The following characterizes what? poorly developed or unstable self-image, excessive self-criticism, instability in goals, looks at things as good or bad, look at people as being all good or all bad, high levels of suicide, impulsive Borderline
The following characterizes what? flucuates in self-esteeem, goal setting based on gaining approval from others, impairments in empathy Narcissistic
What does the following characterize? if they have a relationship but if someone else comes along that is better they will disregard the person they are with and move on to the new person Narcissistic
What does the following characterize? low self esteem, excessive feelings of shame, keep lower level jobs if the upper level puts them in front of others Avoidant
The person wants to have relationships but they avoid them becasuse of the fear. they may be a loner by choice. Fear and anxiousness over relationships with others Avoidant
Does not like to delegate, inflexible, internal standards of behavior, difficulty completing tasks, difficulty understanding and appreciating the ideas of others, relationships seen as secondary to work and productivity OCPD
Ego-centrism, goal setting based on personal gratification, lack of concern for feelings of others, lack of remorse after hurting another, exploit people APD
APD or Psychopathy: observable antisocial behavior, more people in prison, little remorse, poor control of impulses, violent offenses APD
APD or Psychopathy: internal thoughts and feelings, manipulative but good at not being caught, get away with it, need for stimulation, charming, example Ted Bundy Psychopathy
Characterize: pervasive distrust and suspiciousness, secretive, expects to be mistreated and exploited, questions loyalty, jealous of others, feels like others are out to get them Paranoid Personality Disorder
Characterize: lack the desire to form relationships (few close relationships), longer, no desire to form relationships, observers of the world schizoid personality disorder
Characterize: craves attention, overly dramatic and attention seeking behavior, shallow, seek lime light, usually female Histrionic Personality Disorder
Characterize: may/may not do anything to keep someone in their life, want to be cared for, may live at home, lack self confidence, uncomfortable alone Dependent Personality Disorder
What did they remove from the substance use criteria? Legal Problems Criterion
What did they add and what supported the addition of this? Added: Craving Criterion, supported by brain imaging, increased activity (fMRI) dopamine release (PET)
Psychological OR Biological Influence: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, cognitive influences Psychological influences
Psychological OR Biological Influence: Sensitivity to drug, rate of metabolism, base levels of arousal, disorders biological influences
What do we see with people who have a decrease in parental monitoring? greater increase in drug use
They produce euphoria, you drink drugs to get high or drink to get drunk: example of positive or negative reinforcement positive reinforcement
The person drinks to avoid the withdrawl symptoms: example of positive or negative reinforcement negative reinforcement
Created by: astarkey18