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Lifespan Psy Ch 13

Lifespan Psychology Chapter 13

QuestionAnswer
aerobic exercise exercise that places moderate stress on the heart by maintaining a pulse rate between 60 and 90% of the person's maximum heart rate
agreeableness a dimension of personality associated with being accepting, willing to work with others, and caring
climacteric biological process during which women pass from the reproductive and nonreproductive years
conscientiousness a dimension of personality in which people tend to be hard working, ambitious, energetic, scrupulous, and perservering
coping any attempt to deal with stress
dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) test test of bone minearl density (BMD) at the hip and spine
ego resilience a powerful personality resource that enables people to handle midlife changes
encapsulation occurs when the processes of thinking (information processing, memory, fluid intelligence) become connected or encapsulated to the products of thinking (expertise)
extraversion the tendency to thrive on social interaction, to like to talk, to take charge easily, to readily express opinions and feelings, to like to keep busy, to have boundless energy, and to prefer stimulating and challenging environments
filial obligation a sense of obligation to care for one's parents if necessary
generativity in Erikson's theory, being productive by helping others in order to ensure the continuation of society by guiding the next generation
kinkeeper the person who gathers family members together for celebrations and keeps them in touch with each other, usually a middle-aged mother
mechanics of intelligence those aspects of intelligence comprising fluid intelligence
menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) medication therapy in wich women take low doses of estrogen, which is often combined with progestin (synthetic form of progesterone) to counter symptoms associated with menopause
menopause the point at which menstruation stops
narrative a way in which a person derives personal meaning from being generative and by constructing a life story, which helps create the person's identity
neuroticism a personality trait reflected as the tendency to be anxious, hostile, self-conscious, depressed, impulsive and vulnerable
openness to experience a personaly dimension that reflects a tendency to have a vivid imagination and dream life, an appreciation of art, and a strong desire to try anything once
osteoarthritis most common form of arthritis, a disease marked by gradual onset of bone damage with progression of pain and disability together with minor signs of inflammation from wear-and-tear
osteoporosis a disease in which bones become porous and extremely easy to break from severe loss of bone mass
perimenopause the individually varying time of transition from regular menstruation to menopause
post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to a terrifying event or ordeal in which grave physical harm occurred or was threatened
practical intelligence the broad range of skills related to how individuals shape, select, or adapt to their physical and social environments
pragmatics of intelligence those aspects of intelligence reflecting crystallized intelligence
rheumatoid arthritis a more destructive disease of the joints that also develops slowly; it typically affects different joints and causes different types of pain than osteoarthritis
sandwich generation middle-aged adults who are caught between the competing demands of two generations: their parents and their children
selective estrogen receptor modulators (SERMs) compounds that are not estrogens but that have estrogen-like effects on some tissues and estrogen-blocking effects on other tissues
skeletal maturity the point at which bone mass is greatest and the skeleton is at peak development, around 19 for women and 20 in men
stagnation in Erikson’s theory, the state in which people are unable to deal with the needs of their children or to provide mentoring to younger adults
stress and coping paradigm the dominant framework used to study stress, which emphasizes the transactions between a person and the environment
Type A behavior pattern a behavior pattern in which people tend to be intensely competitive, angry, hostile, restless, aggressive, and impatient
Type B behavior pattern a behavior pattern that is the opposite of Type A
wear-and-tear disease a degenerative disease caused by injury or overuse
Created by: astarkey18