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Psych Chapter 17

rule verbal/written description of 3-term contingency of reinforcement (ABC)
what does a rule function as? an SD
contingency-shaped behavior develops b/c of immediate consequences, strengthed gradually through trail and error
rule-governed behavior behavior controlled by statement of a rule
when are rules helpful? 1. immediate behavior change 2. consequences are delayed 3. natural reinforcers are highly intermittent 4. behavior will lead to immediate/severe punishment
what are 5 conditions that could affect the likelihood of rule-following behavior? 1. specific vs. vague descriptions of behavior 2. specific vs. vague descriptions of circumstances 3. probable vs. improbable consequences 4. sizable vs. small consequences 5. deadline vs. no deadlines
what is a goal and what does it specify? it's a level of performance toward which a person/group attempts to achieve. Goals specify: circumstances, behavior, and reinforcer
how are rules and goals behaviorally similar, and how are they behaviorally different? similar-both want to improve performance when reinforcers are delayed different- circumstances for why they're used is different. rules want stimulus control to bring instant behavior change, but goals are worked toward over time
describe effective vs. ineffective goal setting 1. specific > vague goals 2. realistic, challenging > do your best 3. public > private 4. feedback > doing it alone 5. most effective when indiv. is committed!
goals should identify what 2 things? 1. quantity, level, or standard of performance 2. circumstances under which target behavior should occur
Created by: katohm91
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